Smallrye Metrics

The following guide demonstrates how a Quarkus application can use SmallRye Metrics, an implementation of the MicroProfile Metrics specification.

SmallRye Metrics allows applications to gather metrics and statistics that provide insights into what is happening inside an application. The metrics can be read remotely using the JSON or OpenMetrics format to be processed by additional tools such as Prometheus and stored for analysis and visualization.

Apart from application-specific metrics described in this guide, you may also use built-in metrics exposed by various Quarkus extensions. These are described in the guide for each particular extension that supports built-in metrics.

Micrometer is the recommended approach to metrics for Quarkus. Use the SmallRye Metrics extension when it is required to retain MicroProfile specification compatibility.

Prerequisites

To complete this guide, you need:

  • Roughly 15 minutes

  • An IDE

  • JDK 11+ installed with JAVA_HOME configured appropriately

  • Apache Maven 3.8.1+

  • Optionally the Quarkus CLI if you want to use it

  • Optionally Mandrel or GraalVM installed and configured appropriately if you want to build a native executable (or Docker if you use a native container build)

Architecture

In this example, we build a very simple microservice that offers one REST endpoint. This endpoint serves for determining whether a number is prime. The implementation class is annotated with certain metric annotations so that while responding to users' requests, certain metrics are gathered. The meaning of each metric is explained later.

Solution

We recommend that you follow the instructions in the next sections and create the application step by step. However, you can skip to the completed example.

  1. Clone the Git repository:

    git clone https://github.com/quarkusio/quarkus-quickstarts.git

Creating a Maven project

To create a new project:

CLI
quarkus create app org.acme:microprofile-metrics-quickstart \
    --extension=resteasy-reactive,smallrye-metrics \
    --no-code
cd microprofile-metrics-quickstart

To create a Gradle project, add the --gradle or --gradle-kotlin-dsl option.

For more information about how to install the Quarkus CLI and use it, please refer to the Quarkus CLI guide.

Maven
mvn io.quarkus.platform:quarkus-maven-plugin:2.10.1.Final:create \
    -DprojectGroupId=org.acme \
    -DprojectArtifactId=microprofile-metrics-quickstart \
    -Dextensions="resteasy-reactive,smallrye-metrics" \
    -DnoCode
cd microprofile-metrics-quickstart

To create a Gradle project, add the -DbuildTool=gradle or -DbuildTool=gradle-kotlin-dsl option.

This command generates a Quarkus project that uses the smallrye-metrics extension.

If you already have your Quarkus project configured, you can add the smallrye-metrics extension to your project by running the following command in your project base directory:

CLI
quarkus extension add 'smallrye-metrics'
Maven
./mvnw quarkus:add-extension -Dextensions="smallrye-metrics"
Gradle
./gradlew addExtension --extensions="smallrye-metrics"

This adds the following to your build file:

pom.xml
<dependency>
    <groupId>io.quarkus</groupId>
    <artifactId>quarkus-smallrye-metrics</artifactId>
</dependency>
build.gradle
implementation("io.quarkus:quarkus-smallrye-metrics")

Writing an application

The following procedures create a Quarkus application that consists of a single class that implements an algorithm for checking whether a number is prime. This algorithm is exposed over a REST interface. Additionally, specific annotations are required to ensure that the desired metrics are calculated over time and can be exported for manual analysis or processing by additional tooling.

The application will gather the following metrics:

  • performedChecks: A counter that increases by one each time the user asks about a number.

  • highestPrimeNumberSoFar: A gauge that stores the highest number asked about by the user if the number was determined to be prime.

  • checksTimer: A compound metric that benchmarks how much time the primality tests take. Additional details are provided later.

The full source code looks as follows:

package org.acme.microprofile.metrics;

import org.eclipse.microprofile.metrics.MetricUnits;
import org.eclipse.microprofile.metrics.annotation.Counted;
import org.eclipse.microprofile.metrics.annotation.Gauge;
import org.eclipse.microprofile.metrics.annotation.Timed;

import javax.ws.rs.GET;
import javax.ws.rs.Path;
import javax.ws.rs.Produces;
import javax.ws.rs.core.MediaType;

@Path("/")
public class PrimeNumberChecker {

    private long highestPrimeNumberSoFar = 2;

    @GET
    @Path("/{number}")
    @Produces(MediaType.TEXT_PLAIN)
    @Counted(name = "performedChecks", description = "How many primality checks have been performed.")
    @Timed(name = "checksTimer", description = "A measure of how long it takes to perform the primality test.", unit = MetricUnits.MILLISECONDS)
    public String checkIfPrime(long number) {
        if (number < 1) {
            return "Only natural numbers can be prime numbers.";
        }
        if (number == 1) {
            return "1 is not prime.";
        }
        if (number == 2) {
            return "2 is prime.";
        }
        if (number % 2 == 0) {
            return number + " is not prime, it is divisible by 2.";
        }
        for (int i = 3; i < Math.floor(Math.sqrt(number)) + 1; i = i + 2) {
            if (number % i == 0) {
                return number + " is not prime, is divisible by " + i + ".";
            }
        }
        if (number > highestPrimeNumberSoFar) {
            highestPrimeNumberSoFar = number;
        }
        return number + " is prime.";
    }

    @Gauge(name = "highestPrimeNumberSoFar", unit = MetricUnits.NONE, description = "Highest prime number so far.")
    public Long highestPrimeNumberSoFar() {
        return highestPrimeNumberSoFar;
    }

}

Running and using the application

To execute the application created in Writing an application, do the following:

  1. Run the microservice in dev mode:

    CLI
    quarkus dev
    Maven
    ./mvnw quarkus:dev
    Gradle
    ./gradlew --console=plain quarkusDev
  2. Generate values for the metrics.

    1. Query the endpoint to determine whether some numbers are prime numbers:

      curl localhost:8080/350

      The application will respond that 350 is not a prime number because it can be divided by 2.

      • For large prime numbers, the test takes more time.

        curl localhost:8080/629521085409773

        The application will respond that 629521085409773 is a prime number.

    2. Perform additional calls with numbers of your choice.

  3. Review the generated metrics:

    curl -H"Accept: application/json" localhost:8080/q/metrics/application

    You will receive a response such as:

    {
      "org.acme.microprofile.metrics.PrimeNumberChecker.checksTimer" : {			                    (1)
        "p50": 217.231273,										                                        (2)
        "p75": 217.231273,
        "p95": 217.231273,
        "p98": 217.231273,
        "p99": 217.231273,
        "p999": 217.231273,
        "min": 0.58961,										                                            (3)
        "mean": 112.15909190834819,								                                        (4)
        "max": 217.231273,									                                            (5)
        "stddev": 108.2721053982776,							    	                                (6)
        "count": 2,											                                            (7)
        "meanRate": 0.04943519091742238,							                                    (8)
        "oneMinRate": 0.2232140583080189,
        "fiveMinRate": 0.3559527083952095,
        "fifteenMinRate": 0.38474303050928976
      },
      "org.acme.microprofile.metrics.PrimeNumberChecker.performedChecks" : 2,		                    (9)
      "org.acme.microprofile.metrics.PrimeNumberChecker.highestPrimeNumberSoFar" : 629521085409773		(10)
    }
1 checksTimer: A compound metric that benchmarks how much time the primality tests take. All durations are measured in milliseconds. It consists of these values below.
2 p50, p75, p95, p99, p999: Percentiles of the durations. For example, the value in p95 means that 95 % of the measurements were faster than this duration.
3 min: The shortest duration it took to perform a primality test was probably performed for a small number.
4 mean: The mean value of the measured durations.
5 max: The longest duration, probably it was with a large prime number.
6 stddev: The standard deviation.
7 count: The number of observations, the value of which is the same as performedChecks.
8 meanRate, oneMinRate, fiveMinRate, fifteenMinRate: Mean throughput and one-, five-, and fifteen-minute exponentially-weighted moving average throughput.
9 performedChecks: A counter which is increased by one each time the user asks about a number.
10 highestPrimeNumberSoFar: A gauge that stores the highest number that was asked about by the user and which was determined to be prime.
If you prefer an OpenMetrics export rather than the JSON format, remove the -H"Accept: application/json" argument from your command line.
Configuration Reference

Configuration property fixed at build time - All other configuration properties are overridable at runtime

Configuration property

Type

Default

The path to the metrics handler.

string

metrics

Whether metrics published by Quarkus extensions should be enabled.

boolean

true

Apply Micrometer compatibility mode, where instead of regular 'base' and 'vendor' metrics, Quarkus exposes the same 'jvm' metrics that Micrometer does. Application metrics are unaffected by this mode. The use case is to facilitate migration from Micrometer-based metrics, because original dashboards for JVM metrics will continue working without having to rewrite them.

boolean

false

Whether detailed JAX-RS metrics should be enabled. See MicroProfile Metrics: Optional REST metrics.

boolean

false