OpenID Connect Client and Token Propagation Quickstart

This quickstart demonstrates how to use OpenID Connect Client Reactive Filter to acquire and propagate access tokens as HTTP Authorization Bearer access tokens, alongside OpenID Token Propagation Reactive Filter which propagates the incoming HTTP Authorization Bearer access tokens.

Please check OpenID Connect Client and Token Propagation Reference Guide for all the information related to Oidc Client and Token Propagation support in Quarkus.

Please also read Using OpenID Connect to Protect Service Applications guide if you need to protect your applications using Bearer Token Authorization.

Prerequisites

To complete this guide, you need:

  • Roughly 15 minutes

  • An IDE

  • JDK 11+ installed with JAVA_HOME configured appropriately

  • Apache Maven 3.8.1+

  • A working container runtime (Docker or Podman)

  • Optionally the Quarkus CLI if you want to use it

  • Optionally Mandrel or GraalVM installed and configured appropriately if you want to build a native executable (or Docker if you use a native container build)

  • jq tool

Architecture

In this example, we will build an application which consists of two JAX-RS resources, FrontendResource and ProtectedResource. FrontendResource propagates access tokens to ProtectedResource and uses either OpenID Connect Client Reactive Filter to acquire a token first before propagating it or OpenID Token Propagation Reactive Filter to propagate the incoming, already existing access token.

FrontendResource has 4 endpoints:

  • /frontend/user-name-with-oidc-client-token

  • /frontend/admin-name-with-oidc-client-token

  • /frontend/user-name-with-propagated-token

  • /frontend/admin-name-with-propagated-token

FrontendResource will use REST Client with OpenID Connect Client Reactive Filter to acquire and propagate an access token to ProtectedResource when either /frontend/user-name-with-oidc-client or /frontend/admin-name-with-oidc-client is called. And it will use REST Client with OpenID Connect Token Propagation Reactive Filter to propagate the current incoming access token to ProtectedResource when either /frontend/user-name-with-propagated-token or /frontend/admin-name-with-propagated-token is called.

ProtecedResource has 2 endpoints:

  • /protected/user-name

  • /protected/admin-name

Both of these endpoints return the username extracted from the incoming access token which was propagated to ProtectedResource from FrontendResource. The only difference between these endpoints is that calling /protected/user-name is only allowed if the current access token has a user role and calling /protected/admin-name is only allowed if the current access token has an admin role.

Solution

We recommend that you follow the instructions in the next sections and create the application step by step. However, you can go right to the completed example.

Clone the Git repository: git clone https://github.com/quarkusio/quarkus-quickstarts.git, or download an archive.

The solution is located in the security-openid-connect-quickstart directory.

Creating the Maven Project

First, we need a new project. Create a new project with the following command:

CLI
quarkus create app org.acme:security-openid-connect-client-quickstart \
    --extension=oidc,oidc-client-reactive-filter,oidc-token-propagation-reactive,resteasy-reactive \
    --no-code
cd security-openid-connect-client-quickstart

To create a Gradle project, add the --gradle or --gradle-kotlin-dsl option.

For more information about how to install the Quarkus CLI and use it, please refer to the Quarkus CLI guide.

Maven
mvn io.quarkus.platform:quarkus-maven-plugin:2.13.0.Final:create \
    -DprojectGroupId=org.acme \
    -DprojectArtifactId=security-openid-connect-client-quickstart \
    -Dextensions="oidc,oidc-client-reactive-filter,oidc-token-propagation-reactive,resteasy-reactive" \
    -DnoCode
cd security-openid-connect-client-quickstart

To create a Gradle project, add the -DbuildTool=gradle or -DbuildTool=gradle-kotlin-dsl option.

This command generates a Maven project, importing the oidc, oidc-client-reactive-filter, oidc-client-reactive-filter and resteasy-reactive extensions.

If you already have your Quarkus project configured, you can add these extensions to your project by running the following command in your project base directory:

CLI
quarkus extension add 'oidc,oidc-client-reactive-filter,oidc-token-propagation-reactive,resteasy-reactive'
Maven
./mvnw quarkus:add-extension -Dextensions="oidc,oidc-client-reactive-filter,oidc-token-propagation-reactive,resteasy-reactive"
Gradle
./gradlew addExtension --extensions="oidc,oidc-client-reactive-filter,oidc-token-propagation-reactive,resteasy-reactive"

This will add the following to your build file:

pom.xml
<dependency>
    <groupId>io.quarkus</groupId>
    <artifactId>quarkus-oidc</artifactId>
</dependency>
<dependency>
    <groupId>io.quarkus</groupId>
    <artifactId>quarkus-oidc-client-reactive-filter</artifactId>
</dependency>
<dependency>
    <groupId>io.quarkus</groupId>
    <artifactId>quarkus-oidc-token-propagation-reactive</artifactId>
</dependency>
<dependency>
    <groupId>io.quarkus</groupId>
    <artifactId>quarkus-resteasy-reactive</artifactId>
</dependency>
build.gradle
implementation("io.quarkus:quarkus-oidc,oidc-client-reactive-filter,oidc-token-propagation-reactive,resteasy-reactive")

Writing the application

Let’s start by implementing ProtectedResource:

package org.acme.security.openid.connect.client;

import javax.annotation.security.RolesAllowed;
import javax.inject.Inject;
import javax.ws.rs.GET;
import javax.ws.rs.Path;
import javax.ws.rs.Produces;

import io.quarkus.security.Authenticated;
import io.smallrye.mutiny.Uni;

import org.eclipse.microprofile.jwt.JsonWebToken;

@Path("/protected")
@Authenticated
public class ProtectedResource {

    @Inject
    JsonWebToken principal;

    @GET
    @RolesAllowed("user")
    @Produces("text/plain")
    @Path("userName")
    public Uni<String> userName() {
        return Uni.createFrom().item(principal.getName());
    }

    @GET
    @RolesAllowed("admin")
    @Produces("text/plain")
    @Path("adminName")
    public Uni<String> adminName() {
        return Uni.createFrom().item(principal.getName());
    }
}

As you can see ProtectedResource returns a name from both userName() and adminName() methods. The name is extracted from the current JsonWebToken.

Next lets add REST Client with OpenID Connect Client Reactive Filter and another REST Client with OpenID Connect Token Propagation Filter, FrontendResource will use these two clients to call ProtectedResource:

package org.acme.security.openid.connect.client;

import javax.ws.rs.GET;
import javax.ws.rs.Path;
import javax.ws.rs.Produces;

import org.eclipse.microprofile.rest.client.annotation.RegisterProvider;
import org.eclipse.microprofile.rest.client.inject.RegisterRestClient;

import io.quarkus.oidc.client.reactive.filter.OidcClientRequestReactiveFilter;
import io.smallrye.mutiny.Uni;

@RegisterRestClient
@RegisterProvider(OidcClientRequestReactiveFilter.class)
@Path("/")
public interface ProtectedResourceOidcClientFilter {

    @GET
    @Produces("text/plain")
    @Path("userName")
    Uni<String> getUserName();

    @GET
    @Produces("text/plain")
    @Path("adminName")
    Uni<String> getAdminName();
}

where ProtectedResourceOidcClientFilter will depend on OidcClientRequestReactiveFilter to acquire and propagate the tokens and

package org.acme.security.openid.connect.client;

import javax.ws.rs.GET;
import javax.ws.rs.Path;
import javax.ws.rs.Produces;

import org.eclipse.microprofile.rest.client.annotation.RegisterProvider;
import org.eclipse.microprofile.rest.client.inject.RegisterRestClient;

import io.quarkus.oidc.token.propagation.reactive.AccessTokenRequestReactiveFilter;
import io.smallrye.mutiny.Uni;

@RegisterRestClient
@RegisterProvider(AccessTokenRequestReactiveFilter.class)
@Path("/")
public interface ProtectedResourceTokenPropagationFilter {

    @GET
    @Produces("text/plain")
    @Path("userName")
    Uni<String> getUserName();

    @GET
    @Produces("text/plain")
    @Path("adminName")
    Uni<String> getAdminName();
}

where ProtectedResourceTokenPropagationFilter will depend on AccessTokenRequestReactiveFilter to propagate the incoming, already existing tokens.

Note that both ProtectedResourceOidcClientFilter and ProtectedResourceTokenPropagationFilter interfaces are identical - the reason behind it is that combining OidcClientRequestReactiveFilter and AccessTokenRequestReactiveFilter on the same REST Client will cause side effects as both filters can interfere with other, for example, OidcClientRequestReactiveFilter may override the token propagated by AccessTokenRequestReactiveFilter or AccessTokenRequestReactiveFilter can fail if it is called when no token is available to propagate and OidcClientRequestReactiveFilter is expected to acquire a new token instead.

Now let’s complete creating the application with adding FrontendResource:

package org.acme.security.openid.connect.client;

import javax.inject.Inject;
import javax.ws.rs.GET;
import javax.ws.rs.Path;
import javax.ws.rs.Produces;
import javax.ws.rs.WebApplicationException;

import org.eclipse.microprofile.rest.client.inject.RestClient;

import io.smallrye.mutiny.Uni;

@Path("/frontend")
public class FrontendResource {
    @Inject
    @RestClient
    ProtectedResourceOidcClientFilter protectedResourceOidcClientFilter;

    @Inject
    @RestClient
    ProtectedResourceTokenPropagationFilter protectedResourceTokenPropagationFilter;

    @GET
    @Path("user-name-with-oidc-client-token")
    @Produces("text/plain")
    public Uni<String> getUserNameWithOidcClientToken() {
        return protectedResourceOidcClientFilter.getUserName();
    }

    @GET
    @Path("admin-name-with-oidc-client-token")
    @Produces("text/plain")
    public Uni<String> getAdminNameWithOidcClientToken() {
	    return protectedResourceOidcClientFilter.getAdminName();
    }

    @GET
    @Path("user-name-with-propagated-token")
    @Produces("text/plain")
    public Uni<String> getUserNameWithPropagatedToken() {
        return protectedResourceTokenPropagationFilter.getUserName();
    }

    @GET
    @Path("admin-name-with-propagated-token")
    @Produces("text/plain")
    public Uni<String> getAdminNameWithPropagatedToken() {
        return protectedResourceTokenPropagationFilter.getAdminName();
    }
}

FrontendResource will use REST Client with OpenID Connect Client Reactive Filter to acquire and propagate an access token to ProtectedResource when either /frontend/user-name-with-oidc-client or /frontend/admin-name-with-oidc-client is called. And it will use REST Client with OpenID Connect Token Propagation Reactive Filter to propagate the current incoming access token to ProtectedResource when either /frontend/user-name-with-propagated-token or /frontend/admin-name-with-propagated-token is called.

Finally, lets add a JAX-RS ExceptionMapper:

package org.acme.security.openid.connect.client;

import javax.ws.rs.core.Response;
import javax.ws.rs.ext.ExceptionMapper;
import javax.ws.rs.ext.Provider;

import org.jboss.resteasy.reactive.ClientWebApplicationException;

@Provider
public class FrontendExceptionMapper implements ExceptionMapper<ClientWebApplicationException> {

	@Override
	public Response toResponse(ClientWebApplicationException t) {
		return Response.status(t.getResponse().getStatus()).build();
	}

}

This exception mapper is only added to verify during the tests that ProtectedResource returns 403 when the token has no expected role. Without this mapper RESTEasy Reactive will correctly convert the exceptions which will escape from REST Client calls to 500 to avoid leaking the information from the downstream resources such as ProtectedResource but in the tests it will not be possible to assert that 500 is in fact caused by an authorization exception as opposed to some internal error.

Configuring the application

We have prepared the code, and now let’s configure the application:

# Configure OIDC

%prod.quarkus.oidc.auth-server-url=http://localhost:8180/realms/quarkus
quarkus.oidc.client-id=backend-service
quarkus.oidc.credentials.secret=secret

# Tell Dev Services for Keycloak to import the realm file
# This property is not effective when running the application in JVM or Native modes but only in dev and test modes.

quarkus.keycloak.devservices.realm-path=quarkus-realm.json

# Configure OIDC Client

quarkus.oidc-client.auth-server-url=${quarkus.oidc.auth-server-url}
quarkus.oidc-client.client-id=${quarkus.oidc.client-id}
quarkus.oidc-client.credentials.secret=${quarkus.oidc.credentials.secret}
quarkus.oidc-client.grant.type=password
quarkus.oidc-client.grant-options.password.username=alice
quarkus.oidc-client.grant-options.password.password=alice

# Configure REST Clients

%prod.port=8080
%dev.port=8080
%test.port=8081

org.acme.security.openid.connect.client.ProtectedResourceOidcClientFilter/mp-rest/url=http://localhost:${port}/protected
org.acme.security.openid.connect.client.ProtectedResourceTokenPropagationFilter/mp-rest/url=http://localhost:${port}/protected

This configuration references Keycloak which will be used by ProtectedResource to verify the incoming access tokens and by OidcClient to get the tokens for a user alice using a password grant. Both RESTClients point to `ProtectedResource’s HTTP address.

Adding a %prod. profile prefix to quarkus.oidc.auth-server-url ensures that Dev Services for Keycloak will launch a container for you when the application is run in dev or test modes. See Running the Application in Dev mode section below for more information.

Starting and Configuring the Keycloak Server

Do not start the Keycloak server when you run the application in dev mode or test modes - Dev Services for Keycloak will launch a container. See Running the Application in Dev mode section below for more information. Make sure to put the realm configuration file on the classpath (target/classes directory) so that it gets imported automatically when running in dev mode - unless you have already built a complete solution in which case this realm file will be added to the classpath during the build.

To start a Keycloak Server you can use Docker and just run the following command:

docker run --name keycloak -e KEYCLOAK_ADMIN=admin -e KEYCLOAK_ADMIN_PASSWORD=admin -p 8180:8080 quay.io/keycloak/keycloak:{keycloak.version} start-dev

where keycloak.version should be set to 17.0.0 or higher.

You should be able to access your Keycloak Server at localhost:8180.

Log in as the admin user to access the Keycloak Administration Console. Username should be admin and password admin.

Import the realm configuration file to create a new realm. For more details, see the Keycloak documentation about how to create a new realm.

This quarkus realm file will add a frontend client, and alice and admin users. alice has a user role, admin - both user and admin roles.

Running the Application in Dev mode

To run the application in a dev mode, use:

CLI
quarkus dev
Maven
./mvnw quarkus:dev
Gradle
./gradlew --console=plain quarkusDev

Dev Services for Keycloak will launch a Keycloak container and import a quarkus-realm.json.

Open a Dev UI available at /q/dev and click on a Provider: Keycloak link in an OpenID Connect Dev UI card.

You will be asked to log in into a Single Page Application provided by OpenID Connect Dev UI:

  • Login as alice (password: alice) who has a user role

    • accessing /frontend/user-name-with-propagated-token will return 200

    • accessing /frontend/admin-name-with-propagated-token will return 403

  • Logout and login as admin (password: admin) who has both admin and user roles

    • accessing /frontend/user-name-with-propagated-token will return 200

    • accessing /frontend/admin-name-with-propagated-token will return 200

In this case you are testing that FrontendResource can propagate the access tokens acquired by OpenID Connect Dev UI.

Running the Application in JVM mode

When you’re done playing with the dev mode" you can run it as a standard Java application.

First compile it:

CLI
quarkus build
Maven
./mvnw install
Gradle
./gradlew build

Then run it:

java -jar target/quarkus-app/quarkus-run.jar

Running the Application in Native Mode

This same demo can be compiled into native code: no modifications required.

This implies that you no longer need to install a JVM on your production environment, as the runtime technology is included in the produced binary, and optimized to run with minimal resource overhead.

Compilation will take a bit longer, so this step is disabled by default; let’s build again by enabling the native profile:

CLI
quarkus build --native
Maven
./mvnw install -Dnative
Gradle
./gradlew build -Dquarkus.package.type=native

After getting a cup of coffee, you’ll be able to run this binary directly:

./target/security-openid-connect-quickstart-1.0.0-SNAPSHOT-runner

Testing the Application

See Running the Application in Dev mode section above about testing your application in dev mode.

You can test the application launched in JVM or Native modes with curl.

Obtain an access token for alice:

export access_token=$(\
    curl --insecure -X POST http://localhost:8180/realms/quarkus/protocol/openid-connect/token \
    --user backend-service:secret \
    -H 'content-type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded' \
    -d 'username=alice&password=alice&grant_type=password' | jq --raw-output '.access_token' \
 )

Now use this token to call /frontend/user-name-with-propagated-token and /frontend/admin-name-with-propagated-token:

curl -v -X GET \
  http://localhost:8080/frontend/user-name-with-propagated-token` \
  -H "Authorization: Bearer "$access_token

will return 200 status code and the name alice while

curl -v -X GET \
  http://localhost:8080/frontend/admin-name-with-propagated-token` \
  -H "Authorization: Bearer "$access_token

will return 403 - recall that alice only has a user role.

Next obtain an access token for admin:

export access_token=$(\
    curl --insecure -X POST http://localhost:8180/realms/quarkus/protocol/openid-connect/token \
    --user backend-service:secret \
    -H 'content-type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded' \
    -d 'username=admin&password=admin&grant_type=password' | jq --raw-output '.access_token' \
 )

and use this token to call /frontend/user-name-with-propagated-token and /frontend/admin-name-with-propagated-token:

curl -v -X GET \
  http://localhost:8080/frontend/user-name-with-propagated-token` \
  -H "Authorization: Bearer "$access_token

will return 200 status code and the name admin, and

curl -v -X GET \
  http://localhost:8080/frontend/admin-name-with-propagated-token` \
  -H "Authorization: Bearer "$access_token

will also return 200 status code and the name admin, as admin has both user and admin roles.

Now lets check FrontendResource methods which do not propagate the existing tokens but use OidcClient to acquire and propagate the tokens. You have seen that OidcClient is configured to acquire the tokens for the alice user, so:

curl -v -X GET \
  http://localhost:8080/frontend/user-name-with-oidc-client`

will return 200 status code and the name alice, but

curl -v -X GET \
  http://localhost:8080/frontend/admin-name-with-oidc-client`

will return 403 status code.