Quarkus - Using OAuth2 RBAC

This guide explains how your Quarkus application can utilize OAuth2 tokens to provide secured access to the JAX-RS endpoints.

OAuth2 is an authorization framework that enables applications to obtain access to an HTTP resource on behalf of a user. It can be used to implement an application authentication mechanism based on tokens by delegating to an external server (the authentication server) the user authentication and providing a token for the authentication context.

If your OAuth2 Authentication server provides JWT tokens, you should use MicroProfile JWT RBAC instead, this extension aims to be used with opaque tokens and validate the token by calling an introspection endpoint.

This technology is considered preview.

In preview, backward compatibility and presence in the ecosystem is not guaranteed. Specific improvements might require to change configuration or APIs and plans to become stable are under way. Feedback is welcome on our mailing list or as issues in our GitHub issue tracker.

For a full list of possible extension statuses, check our FAQ entry.

Solution

We recommend that you follow the instructions in the next sections and create the application step by step. However, you can go right to the completed example.

Clone the Git repository: git clone https://github.com/quarkusio/quarkus-quickstarts.git, or download an archive.

The solution is located in the security-oauth2-quickstart directory. It contains a very simple UI to use the JAX-RS resources created here, too.

Creating the Maven project

First, we need a new project. Create a new project with the following command:

mvn io.quarkus:quarkus-maven-plugin:1.6.0.Final:create \
    -DprojectGroupId=org.acme \
    -DprojectArtifactId=security-oauth2-quickstart \
    -DclassName="org.acme.security.oauth2.TokenSecuredResource" \
    -Dpath="/secured" \
    -Dextensions="resteasy-jsonb, security-oauth2"
cd security-oauth2-quickstart

This command generates the Maven project with a REST endpoint and imports the elytron-security-oauth2 extension, which includes the OAuth2 opaque token support.

If you don’t want to use the Maven plugin, you can just include the dependency in your pom.xml:

<dependency>
    <groupId>io.quarkus</groupId>
    <artifactId>quarkus-elytron-security-oauth2</artifactId>
</dependency>

Examine the JAX-RS resource

Open the src/main/java/org/acme/security/oauth2/TokenSecuredResource.java file and see the following content:

Basic REST Endpoint
package org.acme.security.oauth2;

import javax.ws.rs.GET;
import javax.ws.rs.Path;
import javax.ws.rs.Produces;
import javax.ws.rs.core.MediaType;

@Path("/secured")
public class TokenSecuredResource {

    @GET
    @Produces(MediaType.TEXT_PLAIN)
    public String hello() {
        return "hello";
    }
}

This is a basic REST endpoint that does not have any of the Elytron Security OAuth2 specific features, so let’s add some.

We will use the JSR 250 common security annotations, they are described in the Using Security guide.

package org.acme.security.oauth2;

import java.security.Principal;

import javax.annotation.security.PermitAll;
import javax.inject.Inject;
import javax.ws.rs.GET;
import javax.ws.rs.Path;
import javax.ws.rs.Produces;
import javax.ws.rs.core.Context;
import javax.ws.rs.core.MediaType;
import javax.ws.rs.core.SecurityContext;

@Path("/secured")
@ApplicationScoped
public class TokenSecuredResource {


    @GET()
    @Path("permit-all")
    @PermitAll (1)
    @Produces(MediaType.TEXT_PLAIN)
    public String hello(@Context SecurityContext ctx) { (2)
        Principal caller =  ctx.getUserPrincipal(); (3)
        String name = caller == null ? "anonymous" : caller.getName();
        String helloReply = String.format("hello + %s, isSecure: %s, authScheme: %s", name, ctx.isSecure(), ctx.getAuthenticationScheme());
        return helloReply; (4)
    }
}
1 @PermitAll indicates that the given endpoint is accessible by any caller, authenticated or not.
2 Here we inject the JAX-RS SecurityContext to inspect the security state of the call.
3 Here we obtain the current request user/caller Principal. For an unsecured call this will be null, so we build the user name by checking caller against null.
4 The reply we build up makes use of the caller name, the isSecure() and getAuthenticationScheme() states of the request SecurityContext.

Run the application

Now we are ready to run our application. Use:

./mvnw compile quarkus:dev

and you should see output similar to:

quarkus:dev Output
$ ./mvnw clean compile quarkus:dev
[INFO] Scanning for projects...
[INFO]
[INFO] ---------------------< org.acme:security-oauth2-quickstart >---------------------
[INFO] Building security-oauth2-quickstart 1.0-SNAPSHOT
[INFO] --------------------------------[ jar ]---------------------------------
...
[INFO] --- quarkus-maven-plugin:999-SNAPSHOT:dev (default-cli) @ security-oauth2-quickstart ---
Listening for transport dt_socket at address: 5005
2019-07-16 09:58:09,753 INFO  [io.qua.dep.QuarkusAugmentor] (main) Beginning quarkus augmentation
2019-07-16 09:58:10,884 INFO  [io.qua.dep.QuarkusAugmentor] (main) Quarkus augmentation completed in 1131ms
2019-07-16 09:58:11,385 INFO  [io.quarkus] (main) Quarkus 0.20.0 started in 1.813s. Listening on: http://[::]:8080
2019-07-16 09:58:11,391 INFO  [io.quarkus] (main) Installed features: [cdi, resteasy, resteasy-jsonb, security, security-oauth2]

Now that the REST endpoint is running, we can access it using a command line tool like curl:

curl command for /secured/permit-all
$ curl http://127.0.0.1:8080/secured/permit-all; echo
hello + anonymous, isSecure: false, authScheme: null

We have not provided any token in our request, so we would not expect that there is any security state seen by the endpoint, and the response is consistent with that:

  • user name is anonymous

  • isSecure is false as https is not used

  • authScheme is null

So now let’s actually secure something. Take a look at the new endpoint method helloRolesAllowed in the following:

package org.acme.security.oauth2;

import java.security.Principal;

import javax.annotation.security.PermitAll;
import javax.annotation.security.RolesAllowed;
import javax.inject.Inject;
import javax.ws.rs.GET;
import javax.ws.rs.Path;
import javax.ws.rs.Produces;
import javax.ws.rs.core.Context;
import javax.ws.rs.core.MediaType;
import javax.ws.rs.core.SecurityContext;

@Path("/secured")
@ApplicationScoped
public class TokenSecuredResource {

    @GET()
    @Path("permit-all")
    @PermitAll
    @Produces(MediaType.TEXT_PLAIN)
    public String hello(@Context SecurityContext ctx) {
        Principal caller =  ctx.getUserPrincipal();
        String name = caller == null ? "anonymous" : caller.getName();
        String helloReply = String.format("hello + %s, isSecure: %s, authScheme: %s", name, ctx.isSecure(), ctx.getAuthenticationScheme());
        return helloReply;
    }

    @GET()
    @Path("roles-allowed") (1)
    @RolesAllowed({"Echoer", "Subscriber"}) (2)
    @Produces(MediaType.TEXT_PLAIN)
    public String helloRolesAllowed(@Context SecurityContext ctx) {
        Principal caller =  ctx.getUserPrincipal();
        String name = caller == null ? "anonymous" : caller.getName();
        String helloReply = String.format("hello + %s, isSecure: %s, authScheme: %s", name, ctx.isSecure(), ctx.getAuthenticationScheme());
        return helloReply;
    }
}
1 This new endpoint will be located at /secured/roles-allowed
2 @RolesAllowed indicates that the given endpoint is accessible by a caller if they have either a "Echoer" or "Subscriber" role assigned.

After you make this addition to your TokenSecuredResource, try curl -v http://127.0.0.1:8080/secured/roles-allowed; echo to attempt to access the new endpoint. Your output should be:

curl command for /secured/roles-allowed
$ curl -v http://127.0.0.1:8080/secured/roles-allowed; echo
*   Trying 127.0.0.1...
* TCP_NODELAY set
* Connected to 127.0.0.1 (127.0.0.1) port 8080 (#0)
> GET /secured/roles-allowed HTTP/1.1
> Host: 127.0.0.1:8080
> User-Agent: curl/7.54.0
> Accept: */*
>
< HTTP/1.1 401 Unauthorized
< Connection: keep-alive
< Content-Type: text/html;charset=UTF-8
< Content-Length: 14
< Date: Sun, 03 Mar 2019 16:32:34 GMT
<
* Connection #0 to host 127.0.0.1 left intact
Not authorized

Excellent, we have not provided any OAuth2 token in the request, so we should not be able to access the endpoint, and we were not. Instead we received an HTTP 401 Unauthorized error. We need to obtain and pass in a valid OAuth2 token to access that endpoint. There are two steps to this, 1) configuring our Elytron Security OAuth2 extension with information on how to validate the token, and 2) generating a matching token with the appropriate claims.

Configuring the Elytron Security OAuth2 Extension Security Information

Setting up application.properties

For part A of step 1, create a security-oauth2-quickstart/src/main/resources/application.properties with the following content:

application.properties for TokenSecuredResource
quarkus.oauth2.client-id=client_id
quarkus.oauth2.client-secret=secret
quarkus.oauth2.introspection-url=http://oauth-server/introspect

You need to specify the introspection URL of your authentication server and the client-id / client-secret that your application will use to authenticate itself to the authentication server.

The extension will then use this information to validate the token and recover the information associate with it.

Generating a token

You need to obtain the token from a standard OAuth2 authentication server (Keycloak for example) using the token endpoint.

You can find below a curl example of such call for a client_credential flow:

curl -X POST "http://oauth-server/token?grant_type=client_credentials" \
-H  "Accept: application/json" -H  "Authorization: Basic Y2xpZW50X2lkOmNsaWVudF9zZWNyZXQ="

It should respond something like that…​

{"access_token":"60acf56d-9daf-49ba-b3be-7a423d9c7288","token_type":"bearer","expires_in":1799,"scope":"READER"}

Finally, Secured Access to /secured/roles-allowed

Now let’s use this to make a secured request to the /secured/roles-allowed endpoint

curl Command for /secured/roles-allowed With a token
$ curl -H "Authorization: Bearer 60acf56d-9daf-49ba-b3be-7a423d9c7288" http://127.0.0.1:8080/secured/roles-allowed; echo
hello + client_id isSecure: false, authScheme: OAuth2

Success! We now have:

  • a non-anonymous caller name of client_id

  • an authentication scheme of OAuth2

Roles mapping

Roles are mapped from one of the claims of the introspection endpoint response. By default, it’s the scope claim. Roles are obtained by splitting the claim with a space separator. If the claim is an array, no splitting is done, the roles are obtained from the array.

You can customize the name of the claim to use for the roles with the quarkus.oauth2.role-claim property.

Package and run the application

As usual, the application can be packaged using ./mvnw clean package and executed using the -runner.jar file: .Runner jar Example

$ ./mvnw clean package
[INFO] Scanning for projects...
...
$ java -jar target/security-oauth2-quickstart-runner.jar
2019-03-28 14:27:48,839 INFO  [io.quarkus] (main) Quarkus 0.20.0 started in 0.796s. Listening on: http://[::]:8080
2019-03-28 14:27:48,841 INFO  [io.quarkus] (main) Installed features: [cdi, resteasy, resteasy-jsonb, security, security-oauth2]

You can also generate the native executable with ./mvnw clean package -Pnative. .Native Executable Example

$ ./mvnw clean package -Pnative
[INFO] Scanning for projects...
...
[security-oauth2-quickstart-runner:25602]     universe:     493.17 ms
[security-oauth2-quickstart-runner:25602]      (parse):     660.41 ms
[security-oauth2-quickstart-runner:25602]     (inline):   1,431.10 ms
[security-oauth2-quickstart-runner:25602]    (compile):   7,301.78 ms
[security-oauth2-quickstart-runner:25602]      compile:  10,542.16 ms
[security-oauth2-quickstart-runner:25602]        image:   2,797.62 ms
[security-oauth2-quickstart-runner:25602]        write:     988.24 ms
[security-oauth2-quickstart-runner:25602]      [total]:  43,778.16 ms
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] BUILD SUCCESS
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Total time:  51.500 s
[INFO] Finished at: 2019-06-28T14:30:56-07:00
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------

$ ./target/security-oauth2-quickstart-runner
2019-03-28 14:31:37,315 INFO  [io.quarkus] (main) Quarkus 0.20.0 started in 0.006s. Listening on: http://[::]:8080
2019-03-28 14:31:37,316 INFO  [io.quarkus] (main) Installed features: [cdi, resteasy, resteasy-jsonb, security, security-oauth2]

Integration testing

If you don’t want to use a real OAuth2 authorization server for your integration tests, you can use the Properties based security extension for your test, or mock an authorization server using Wiremock.

First of all, Wiremock needs to be added as a test dependency. For a Maven project that would happen like so:

<dependency>
    <groupId>com.github.tomakehurst</groupId>
    <artifactId>wiremock-jre8</artifactId>
    <scope>test</scope>
    <version>${wiremock.version}</version> (1)
</dependency>
1 Use a proper Wiremock version. All available versions can be found here.

In Quarkus tests when some service needs to be started before the Quarkus tests are ran, we utilize the @io.quarkus.test.common.QuarkusTestResource annotation to specify a io.quarkus.test.common.QuarkusTestResourceLifecycleManager which can start the service and supply configuration values that Quarkus will use.

For more details about @QuarkusTestResource refer to this part of the documentation.

Let’s create an implementation of QuarkusTestResourceLifecycleManager called MockAuthorizationServerTestResource like so:

import com.github.tomakehurst.wiremock.WireMockServer;
import com.github.tomakehurst.wiremock.client.WireMock;
import io.quarkus.test.common.QuarkusTestResourceLifecycleManager;

import java.util.Collections;
import java.util.Map;

public class MockAuthorizationServerTestResource implements QuarkusTestResourceLifecycleManager {  (1)

    private WireMockServer wireMockServer;

    @Override
    public Map<String, String> start() {
        wireMockServer = new WireMockServer();
        wireMockServer.start(); (2)

        // define the mock for the introspect endpoint
        WireMock.stubFor(WireMock.post("/introspect").willReturn(WireMock.aResponse() (3)
                .withBody(
                        "{\"active\":true,\"scope\":\"Echoer\",\"username\":null,\"iat\":1562315654,\"exp\":1562317454,\"expires_in\":1458,\"client_id\":\"my_client_id\"}")));


        return Collections.singletonMap("quarkus.oauth2.introspection-url", wireMockServer.baseUrl() + "/introspect"); (4)
    }

    @Override
    public void stop() {
        if (null != wireMockServer) {
            wireMockServer.stop();  (5)
        }
    }
}
1 The start method is invoked by Quarkus before any test is run and returns a Map of configuration properties that apply during the test execution.
2 Launch Wiremock.
3 Configure Wiremock to stub the calls to /introspect by returning an OAuth2 introspect response. You need to customize this line to return what’s needed for your application (at least the scope property as roles are derived from the scope).
4 As the start method returns configuration that applies for tests, we set the quarkus.oauth2.introspection-url property that controls the URL of the introspect endpoint used by the OAuth2 extension.
5 When all tests have finished, shutdown Wiremock.

Your test class needs to be annotated like with @QuarkusTestResource(MockAuthorizationServerTestResource.class) to use this QuarkusTestResourceLifecycleManager.

Below is an example of a test that uses the MockAuthorizationServerTestResource.

@QuarkusTest
@QuarkusTestResource(MockAuthorizationServerTestResource.class) (1)
class TokenSecuredResourceTest {
    // use whatever token you want as the mock OAuth server will accept all tokens
    private static final String BEARER_TOKEN = "337aab0f-b547-489b-9dbd-a54dc7bdf20d"; (2)

    @Test
    void testPermitAll() {
        RestAssured.given()
                .when()
                .header("Authorization", "Bearer: " + BEARER_TOKEN) (3)
                .get("/secured/permit-all")
                .then()
                .statusCode(200)
                .body(containsString("hello"));
    }

    @Test
    void testRolesAllowed() {
        RestAssured.given()
                .when()
                .header("Authorization", "Bearer: " + BEARER_TOKEN)
                .get("/secured/roles-allowed")
                .then()
                .statusCode(200)
                .body(containsString("hello"));
    }
}
1 Use the previously created MockAuthorizationServerTestResource as a Quarkus test resource.
2 Define whatever token you want, it will not be validated by the OAuth2 mock authorization server.
3 Use this token inside the Authorization header to trigger OAuth2 authentication.

@QuarkusTestResource applies to all tests, not just TokenSecuredResourceTest.