Using OpenID Connect (OIDC) to Protect Service Applications using Bearer Token Authorization

You can use the Quarkus OpenID Connect (OIDC) extension to secure your JAX-RS applications using Bearer Token Authorization. The Bearer Tokens are issued by OIDC and OAuth 2.0 compliant authorization servers, such as Keycloak.

Bearer Token Authorization is the process of authorizing HTTP requests based on the existence and validity of a Bearer Token. The Bearer Token provides information about the subject of the call which is used to determine whether or not an HTTP resource can be accessed.

The following diagrams outline the Bearer Token Authorization mechanism in Quarkus:

Bearer Token Authorization
Figure 1. Bearer Token Authorization mechanism in Quarkus with Single-page application
  1. The Quarkus service retrieves verification keys from the OpenID Connect provider. The verification keys are used to verify the bearer access token signatures.

  2. The Quarkus user accesses the Single-page application.

  3. The Single-page application uses Authorization Code Flow to authenticate the user and retrieve tokens from the OpenID Connect provider.

  4. The Single-page application uses the access token to retrieve the service data from the Quarkus service.

  5. The Quarkus service verifies the bearer access token signature using the verification keys, checks the token expiry date and other claims, allows the request to proceed if the token is valid, and returns the service response to the Single-page application.

  6. The Single-page application returns the same data to the Quarkus user.

Bearer Token Authorization
Figure 2. Bearer Token Authorization mechanism in Quarkus with Java or command line client
  1. The Quarkus service retrieves verification keys from the OpenID Connect provider. The verification keys are used to verify the bearer access token signatures.

  2. The Client uses client_credentials that requires client ID and secret or password grant, which also requires client ID, secret, user name, and password to retrieve the access token from the OpenID Connect provider.

  3. The Client uses the access token to retrieve the service data from the Quarkus service.

  4. The Quarkus service verifies the bearer access token signature using the verification keys, checks the token expiry date and other claims, allows the request to proceed if the token is valid, and returns the service response to the Client.

If you need to authenticate and authorize the users using OpenID Connect Authorization Code Flow, see Using OpenID Connect to Protect Web Applications. Also, if you use Keycloak and Bearer Tokens, see Using Keycloak to Centralize Authorization.

For information about how to support multiple tenants, see Using OpenID Connect Multi-Tenancy.

Quickstart

Prerequisites

To complete this guide, you need:

  • Roughly 15 minutes

  • An IDE

  • JDK 11+ installed with JAVA_HOME configured appropriately

  • Apache Maven 3.8.1+

  • A working container runtime (Docker or Podman)

  • Optionally the Quarkus CLI if you want to use it

  • Optionally Mandrel or GraalVM installed and configured appropriately if you want to build a native executable (or Docker if you use a native container build)

  • jq tool

Architecture

In this example, we build a very simple microservice which offers two endpoints:

  • /api/users/me

  • /api/admin

These endpoints are protected and can only be accessed if a client is sending a bearer token along with the request, which must be valid (e.g.: signature, expiration and audience) and trusted by the microservice.

The bearer token is issued by a Keycloak Server and represents the subject to which the token was issued for. For being an OAuth 2.0 Authorization Server, the token also references the client acting on behalf of the user.

The /api/users/me endpoint can be accessed by any user with a valid token. As a response, it returns a JSON document with details about the user where these details are obtained from the information carried on the token.

The /api/admin endpoint is protected with RBAC (Role-Based Access Control) where only users granted with the admin role can access. At this endpoint, we use the @RolesAllowed annotation to declaratively enforce the access constraint.

Solution

We recommend that you follow the instructions in the next sections and create the application step by step. However, you can go right to the completed example.

Clone the Git repository: git clone https://github.com/quarkusio/quarkus-quickstarts.git, or download an archive.

The solution is located in the security-openid-connect-quickstart directory.

Creating the Maven Project

First, we need a new project. Create a new project with the following command:

CLI
quarkus create app org.acme:security-openid-connect-quickstart \
    --extension=oidc,resteasy-reactive-jackson \
    --no-code
cd security-openid-connect-quickstart

To create a Gradle project, add the --gradle or --gradle-kotlin-dsl option.

For more information about how to install the Quarkus CLI and use it, please refer to the Quarkus CLI guide.

Maven
mvn io.quarkus.platform:quarkus-maven-plugin:2.13.0.Final:create \
    -DprojectGroupId=org.acme \
    -DprojectArtifactId=security-openid-connect-quickstart \
    -Dextensions="oidc,resteasy-reactive-jackson" \
    -DnoCode
cd security-openid-connect-quickstart

To create a Gradle project, add the -DbuildTool=gradle or -DbuildTool=gradle-kotlin-dsl option.

This command generates a Maven project, importing the oidc extension which is an implementation of OIDC for Quarkus.

If you already have your Quarkus project configured, you can add the oidc extension to your project by running the following command in your project base directory:

CLI
quarkus extension add 'oidc'
Maven
./mvnw quarkus:add-extension -Dextensions="oidc"
Gradle
./gradlew addExtension --extensions="oidc"

This will add the following to your build file:

pom.xml
<dependency>
    <groupId>io.quarkus</groupId>
    <artifactId>quarkus-oidc</artifactId>
</dependency>
build.gradle
implementation("io.quarkus:quarkus-oidc")

Writing the application

Let’s start by implementing the /api/users/me endpoint. As you can see from the source code below it is just a regular JAX-RS resource:

package org.acme.security.openid.connect;

import javax.annotation.security.RolesAllowed;
import javax.inject.Inject;
import javax.ws.rs.GET;
import javax.ws.rs.Path;

import org.jboss.resteasy.reactive.NoCache;
import io.quarkus.security.identity.SecurityIdentity;

@Path("/api/users")
public class UsersResource {

    @Inject
    SecurityIdentity securityIdentity;

    @GET
    @Path("/me")
    @RolesAllowed("user")
    @NoCache
    public User me() {
        return new User(securityIdentity);
    }

    public static class User {

        private final String userName;

        User(SecurityIdentity securityIdentity) {
            this.userName = securityIdentity.getPrincipal().getName();
        }

        public String getUserName() {
            return userName;
        }
    }
}

The source code for the /api/admin endpoint is also very simple. The main difference here is that we are using a @RolesAllowed annotation to make sure that only users granted with the admin role can access the endpoint:

package org.acme.security.openid.connect;

import javax.annotation.security.RolesAllowed;
import javax.ws.rs.GET;
import javax.ws.rs.Path;
import javax.ws.rs.Produces;
import javax.ws.rs.core.MediaType;

@Path("/api/admin")
public class AdminResource {

    @GET
    @RolesAllowed("admin")
    @Produces(MediaType.TEXT_PLAIN)
    public String admin() {
        return "granted";
    }
}

Injection of the SecurityIdentity is supported in both @RequestScoped and @ApplicationScoped contexts.

Configuring the application

The OpenID Connect extension allows you to define the adapter configuration using the application.properties file which should be located at the src/main/resources directory.

Configuration property fixed at build time - All other configuration properties are overridable at runtime

Configuration property

Type

Default

If DevServices has been explicitly enabled or disabled. When DevServices is enabled Quarkus will attempt to automatically configure and start Keycloak when running in Dev or Test mode and when Docker is running.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_KEYCLOAK_DEVSERVICES_ENABLED

boolean

true

The container image name to use, for container based DevServices providers. Image with a Quarkus based distribution is used by default. Image with a WildFly based distribution can be selected instead, for example: 'quay.io/keycloak/keycloak:19.0.1-legacy'. Note Keycloak Quarkus and Keycloak WildFly images are initialized differently. By default, Dev Services for Keycloak will assume it is a Keycloak Quarkus image if the image version does not end with a '-legacy' string. Set 'quarkus.keycloak.devservices.keycloak-x-image' to override this check.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_KEYCLOAK_DEVSERVICES_IMAGE_NAME

string

quay.io/keycloak/keycloak:19.0.1

If Keycloak-X image is used. By default, Dev Services for Keycloak will assume a Keycloak-X image is used if the image name contains a 'keycloak-x' string. Set 'quarkus.keycloak.devservices.keycloak-x-image' to override this check which may be necessary if you build custom Keycloak-X or Keycloak images. You do not need to set this property if the default check works.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_KEYCLOAK_DEVSERVICES_KEYCLOAK_X_IMAGE

boolean

Indicates if the Keycloak container managed by Quarkus Dev Services is shared. When shared, Quarkus looks for running containers using label-based service discovery. If a matching container is found, it is used, and so a second one is not started. Otherwise, Dev Services for Keycloak starts a new container. The discovery uses the quarkus-dev-service-label label. The value is configured using the service-name property. Container sharing is only used in dev mode.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_KEYCLOAK_DEVSERVICES_SHARED

boolean

true

The value of the quarkus-dev-service-keycloak label attached to the started container. This property is used when shared is set to true. In this case, before starting a container, Dev Services for Keycloak looks for a container with the quarkus-dev-service-keycloak label set to the configured value. If found, it will use this container instead of starting a new one. Otherwise, it starts a new container with the quarkus-dev-service-keycloak label set to the specified value. Container sharing is only used in dev mode.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_KEYCLOAK_DEVSERVICES_SERVICE_NAME

string

quarkus

The class or file system path to a Keycloak realm file which will be used to initialize Keycloak.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_KEYCLOAK_DEVSERVICES_REALM_PATH

string

The JAVA_OPTS passed to the keycloak JVM

Environment variable: QUARKUS_KEYCLOAK_DEVSERVICES_JAVA_OPTS

string

Show Keycloak log messages with a "Keycloak:" prefix.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_KEYCLOAK_DEVSERVICES_SHOW_LOGS

boolean

false

Keycloak start command. Use this property to experiment with Keycloak start options, see https://www.keycloak.org/server/all-config. Note it will be ignored when loading legacy Keycloak WildFly images.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_KEYCLOAK_DEVSERVICES_START_COMMAND

string

The Keycloak realm name. This property will be used to create the realm if the realm file pointed to by the 'realm-path' property does not exist, default value is 'quarkus' in this case. If the realm file pointed to by the 'realm-path' property exists then it is still recommended to set this property for Dev Services for Keycloak to avoid parsing the realm file in order to determine the realm name.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_KEYCLOAK_DEVSERVICES_REALM_NAME

string

Indicates if the Keycloak realm has to be created when the realm file pointed to by the 'realm-path' property does not exist. Disable it if you’d like to create a realm using Keycloak Administration Console or Keycloak Admin API from io.quarkus.test.common.QuarkusTestResourceLifecycleManager.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_KEYCLOAK_DEVSERVICES_CREATE_REALM

boolean

true

Optional fixed port the dev service will listen to. If not defined, the port will be chosen randomly.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_KEYCLOAK_DEVSERVICES_PORT

int

The Keycloak users map containing the username and password pairs. If this map is empty then two users, 'alice' and 'bob' with the passwords matching their names will be created. This property will be used to create the Keycloak users if the realm file pointed to by the 'realm-path' property does not exist.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_KEYCLOAK_DEVSERVICES_USERS

Map<String,String>

The Keycloak user roles. If this map is empty then a user named 'alice' will get 'admin' and 'user' roles and all other users will get a 'user' role. This property will be used to create the Keycloak roles if the realm file pointed to by the 'realm-path' property does not exist.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_KEYCLOAK_DEVSERVICES_ROLES

Map<String,List<String>>

If the OIDC extension is enabled.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_ENABLED

boolean

true

Grant type which will be used to acquire a token to test the OIDC 'service' applications

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_DEVUI_GRANT_TYPE

client'client_credentials' grant, password'password' grant, code'authorization_code' grant, implicit'implicit' grant

The WebClient timeout. Use this property to configure how long an HTTP client used by Dev UI handlers will wait for a response when requesting tokens from OpenId Connect Provider and sending them to the service endpoint.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_DEVUI_WEB_CLIENT_TIMEOUT

Duration

4S

Enable the registration of the Default TokenIntrospection and UserInfo Cache implementation bean. Note it only allows to use the default implementation, one needs to configure it in order to activate it, please see OidcConfig#tokenCache.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_DEFAULT_TOKEN_CACHE_ENABLED

boolean

true

The base URL of the OpenID Connect (OIDC) server, for example, https://host:port/auth. OIDC discovery endpoint will be called by default by appending a '.well-known/openid-configuration' path to this URL. Note if you work with Keycloak OIDC server, make sure the base URL is in the following format: https://host:port/auth/realms/{realm} where {realm} has to be replaced by the name of the Keycloak realm.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_AUTH_SERVER_URL

string

Enables OIDC discovery. If the discovery is disabled then the OIDC endpoint URLs must be configured individually.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_DISCOVERY_ENABLED

boolean

true

Relative path or absolute URL of the OIDC token endpoint which issues access and refresh tokens.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_TOKEN_PATH

string

Relative path or absolute URL of the OIDC token revocation endpoint.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_REVOKE_PATH

string

The client-id of the application. Each application has a client-id that is used to identify the application

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_CLIENT_ID

string

The maximum amount of time connecting to the currently unavailable OIDC server will be attempted for. The number of times the connection request will be repeated is calculated by dividing the value of this property by 2. For example, setting it to 20S will allow for requesting the connection up to 10 times with a 2 seconds delay between the retries. Note this property is only effective when the initial OIDC connection is created, for example, when requesting a well-known OIDC configuration. Use the 'connection-retry-count' property to support trying to re-establish an already available connection which may have been dropped.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_CONNECTION_DELAY

Duration

The number of times an attempt to re-establish an already available connection will be repeated for. Note this property is different to the connection-delay property which is only effective during the initial OIDC connection creation. This property is used to try to recover the existing connection which may have been temporarily lost. For example, if a request to the OIDC token endpoint fails due to a connection exception then the request will be retried for a number of times configured by this property.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_CONNECTION_RETRY_COUNT

int

3

The amount of time after which the current OIDC connection request will time out.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_CONNECTION_TIMEOUT

Duration

10S

The maximum size of the connection pool used by the WebClient

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_MAX_POOL_SIZE

int

Client secret which is used for a client_secret_basic authentication method. Note that a 'client-secret.value' can be used instead but both properties are mutually exclusive.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_CREDENTIALS_SECRET

string

The client secret value - it will be ignored if 'secret.key' is set

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_CREDENTIALS_CLIENT_SECRET_VALUE

string

The CredentialsProvider name which should only be set if more than one CredentialsProvider is registered

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_CREDENTIALS_CLIENT_SECRET_PROVIDER_NAME

string

The CredentialsProvider client secret key

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_CREDENTIALS_CLIENT_SECRET_PROVIDER_KEY

string

Authentication method.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_CREDENTIALS_CLIENT_SECRET_METHOD

basicclient_secret_basic (default): client id and secret are submitted with the HTTP Authorization Basic scheme, postclient_secret_post: client id and secret are submitted as the 'client_id' and 'client_secret' form parameters., post-jwtclient_secret_jwt: client id and generated JWT secret are submitted as the 'client_id' and 'client_secret' form parameters.

If provided, indicates that JWT is signed using a secret key

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_CREDENTIALS_JWT_SECRET

string

The CredentialsProvider name which should only be set if more than one CredentialsProvider is registered

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_CREDENTIALS_JWT_SECRET_PROVIDER_NAME

string

The CredentialsProvider client secret key

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_CREDENTIALS_JWT_SECRET_PROVIDER_KEY

string

If provided, indicates that JWT is signed using a private key in PEM or JWK format. You can use the signature-algorithm property to specify the key algorithm.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_CREDENTIALS_JWT_KEY_FILE

string

If provided, indicates that JWT is signed using a private key from a key store

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_CREDENTIALS_JWT_KEY_STORE_FILE

string

A parameter to specify the password of the key store file. If not given, the default ("password") is used.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_CREDENTIALS_JWT_KEY_STORE_PASSWORD

string

password

The private key id/alias

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_CREDENTIALS_JWT_KEY_ID

string

The private key password

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_CREDENTIALS_JWT_KEY_PASSWORD

string

password

JWT audience ('aud') claim value. By default, the audience is set to the address of the OpenId Connect Provider’s token endpoint.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_CREDENTIALS_JWT_AUDIENCE

string

Key identifier of the signing key added as a JWT 'kid' header

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_CREDENTIALS_JWT_TOKEN_KEY_ID

string

Issuer of the signing key added as a JWT 'iss' claim (default: client id)

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_CREDENTIALS_JWT_ISSUER

string

Subject of the signing key added as a JWT 'sub' claim (default: client id)

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_CREDENTIALS_JWT_SUBJECT

string

Signature algorithm, also used for the key-file property. Supported values: RS256, RS384, RS512, PS256, PS384, PS512, ES256, ES384, ES512, HS256, HS384, HS512.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_CREDENTIALS_JWT_SIGNATURE_ALGORITHM

string

JWT life-span in seconds. It will be added to the time it was issued at to calculate the expiration time.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_CREDENTIALS_JWT_LIFESPAN

int

10

The host (name or IP address) of the Proxy. Note: If OIDC adapter needs to use a Proxy to talk with OIDC server (Provider), then at least the "host" config item must be configured to enable the usage of a Proxy.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_PROXY_HOST

string

The port number of the Proxy. Default value is 80.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_PROXY_PORT

int

80

The username, if Proxy needs authentication.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_PROXY_USERNAME

string

The password, if Proxy needs authentication.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_PROXY_PASSWORD

string

Certificate validation and hostname verification, which can be one of the following values from enum Verification. Default is required.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_TLS_VERIFICATION

requiredCertificates are validated and hostname verification is enabled. This is the default value., certificate-validationCertificates are validated but hostname verification is disabled., noneAll certificated are trusted and hostname verification is disabled.

An optional key store which holds the certificate information instead of specifying separate files.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_TLS_KEY_STORE_FILE

path

An optional parameter to specify type of the key store file. If not given, the type is automatically detected based on the file name.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_TLS_KEY_STORE_FILE_TYPE

string

An optional parameter to specify a provider of the key store file. If not given, the provider is automatically detected based on the key store file type.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_TLS_KEY_STORE_PROVIDER

string

A parameter to specify the password of the key store file. If not given, the default ("password") is used.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_TLS_KEY_STORE_PASSWORD

string

password

An optional parameter to select a specific key in the key store. When SNI is disabled, if the key store contains multiple keys and no alias is specified, the behavior is undefined.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_TLS_KEY_STORE_KEY_ALIAS

string

An optional parameter to define the password for the key, in case it’s different from key-store-password.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_TLS_KEY_STORE_KEY_PASSWORD

string

An optional trust store which holds the certificate information of the certificates to trust

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_TLS_TRUST_STORE_FILE

path

A parameter to specify the password of the trust store file.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_TLS_TRUST_STORE_PASSWORD

string

A parameter to specify the alias of the trust store certificate.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_TLS_TRUST_STORE_CERT_ALIAS

string

An optional parameter to specify type of the trust store file. If not given, the type is automatically detected based on the file name.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_TLS_TRUST_STORE_FILE_TYPE

string

An optional parameter to specify a provider of the trust store file. If not given, the provider is automatically detected based on the trust store file type.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_TLS_TRUST_STORE_PROVIDER

string

A unique tenant identifier. It must be set by TenantConfigResolver providers which resolve the tenant configuration dynamically and is optional in all other cases.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_TENANT_ID

string

If this tenant configuration is enabled.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_TENANT_ENABLED

boolean

true

The application type, which can be one of the following values from enum ApplicationType.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_APPLICATION_TYPE

web-appA WEB_APP is a client that serves pages, usually a frontend application. For this type of client the Authorization Code Flow is defined as the preferred method for authenticating users., serviceA SERVICE is a client that has a set of protected HTTP resources, usually a backend application following the RESTful Architectural Design. For this type of client, the Bearer Authorization method is defined as the preferred method for authenticating and authorizing users., hybridA combined SERVICE and WEB_APP client. For this type of client, the Bearer Authorization method will be used if the Authorization header is set and Authorization Code Flow - if not.

service

Relative path or absolute URL of the OIDC authorization endpoint which authenticates the users. This property must be set for the 'web-app' applications if OIDC discovery is disabled. This property will be ignored if the discovery is enabled.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_AUTHORIZATION_PATH

string

Relative path or absolute URL of the OIDC userinfo endpoint. This property must only be set for the 'web-app' applications if OIDC discovery is disabled and 'authentication.user-info-required' property is enabled. This property will be ignored if the discovery is enabled.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_USER_INFO_PATH

string

Relative path or absolute URL of the OIDC RFC7662 introspection endpoint which can introspect both opaque and JWT tokens. This property must be set if OIDC discovery is disabled and 1) the opaque bearer access tokens have to be verified or 2) JWT tokens have to be verified while the cached JWK verification set with no matching JWK is being refreshed. This property will be ignored if the discovery is enabled.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_INTROSPECTION_PATH

string

Relative path or absolute URL of the OIDC JWKS endpoint which returns a JSON Web Key Verification Set. This property should be set if OIDC discovery is disabled and the local JWT verification is required. This property will be ignored if the discovery is enabled.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_JWKS_PATH

string

Relative path or absolute URL of the OIDC end_session_endpoint. This property must be set if OIDC discovery is disabled and RP Initiated Logout support for the 'web-app' applications is required. This property will be ignored if the discovery is enabled.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_END_SESSION_PATH

string

Public key for the local JWT token verification. OIDC server connection will not be created when this property is set.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_PUBLIC_KEY

string

Name

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_INTROSPECTION_CREDENTIALS_NAME

string

Secret

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_INTROSPECTION_CREDENTIALS_SECRET

string

Include OpenId Connect Client ID configured with 'quarkus.oidc.client-id'

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_INTROSPECTION_CREDENTIALS_INCLUDE_CLIENT_ID

boolean

true

List of paths to claims containing an array of groups. Each path starts from the top level JWT JSON object and can contain multiple segments where each segment represents a JSON object name only, example: "realm/groups". Use double quotes with the namespace qualified claim names. This property can be used if a token has no 'groups' claim but has the groups set in one or more different claims.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_ROLES_ROLE_CLAIM_PATH

list of string

Separator for splitting a string which may contain multiple group values. It will only be used if the "role-claim-path" property points to one or more custom claims whose values are strings. A single space will be used by default because the standard 'scope' claim may contain a space separated sequence.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_ROLES_ROLE_CLAIM_SEPARATOR

string

Source of the principal roles.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_ROLES_SOURCE

idtokenID Token - the default value for the 'web-app' applications., accesstokenAccess Token - the default value for the 'service' applications; can also be used as the source of roles for the 'web-app' applications., userinfoUser Info

Expected issuer 'iss' claim value. Note this property overrides the issuer property which may be set in OpenId Connect provider’s well-known configuration. If the iss claim value varies depending on the host/IP address or tenant id of the provider then you may skip the issuer verification by setting this property to 'any' but it should be done only when other options (such as configuring the provider to use the fixed iss claim value) are not possible.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_TOKEN_ISSUER

string

Expected audience 'aud' claim value which may be a string or an array of strings.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_TOKEN_AUDIENCE

list of string

Expected token type

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_TOKEN_TOKEN_TYPE

string

Life span grace period in seconds. When checking token expiry, current time is allowed to be later than token expiration time by at most the configured number of seconds. When checking token issuance, current time is allowed to be sooner than token issue time by at most the configured number of seconds.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_TOKEN_LIFESPAN_GRACE

int

Token age. It allows for the number of seconds to be specified that must not elapse since the iat (issued at) time. A small leeway to account for clock skew which can be configured with 'quarkus.oidc.token.lifespan-grace' to verify the token expiry time can also be used to verify the token age property. Note that setting this property does not relax the requirement that Bearer and Code Flow JWT tokens must have a valid ('exp') expiry claim value. The only exception where setting this property relaxes the requirement is when a logout token is sent with a back-channel logout request since the current OpenId Connect Back-Channel specification does not explicitly require the logout tokens to contain an 'exp' claim. However, even if the current logout token is allowed to have no 'exp' claim, the exp claim will be still verified if the logout token contains it.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_TOKEN_AGE

Duration

Name of the claim which contains a principal name. By default, the 'upn', 'preferred_username' and sub claims are checked.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_TOKEN_PRINCIPAL_CLAIM

string

Refresh expired ID tokens. If this property is enabled then a refresh token request will be performed if the ID token has expired and, if successful, the local session will be updated with the new set of tokens. Otherwise, the local session will be invalidated and the user redirected to the OpenID Provider to re-authenticate. In this case the user may not be challenged again if the OIDC provider session is still active. For this option be effective the authentication.session-age-extension property should also be set to a non-zero value since the refresh token is currently kept in the user session. This option is valid only when the application is of type ApplicationType#WEB_APP}.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_TOKEN_REFRESH_EXPIRED

boolean

false

Refresh token time skew in seconds. If this property is enabled then the configured number of seconds is added to the current time when checking whether the access token should be refreshed. If the sum is greater than this access token’s expiration time then a refresh is going to happen. This property will be ignored if the 'refresh-expired' property is not enabled.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_TOKEN_REFRESH_TOKEN_TIME_SKEW

Duration

Forced JWK set refresh interval in minutes.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_TOKEN_FORCED_JWK_REFRESH_INTERVAL

Duration

10M

Custom HTTP header that contains a bearer token. This option is valid only when the application is of type ApplicationType#SERVICE}.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_TOKEN_HEADER

string

Decryption key location. JWT tokens can be inner-signed and encrypted by OpenId Connect providers. However, it is not always possible to remotely introspect such tokens because the providers may not control the private decryption keys. In such cases set this property to point to the file containing the decryption private key in PEM or JSON Web Key (JWK) format. Note that if a 'private_key_jwt' client authentication method is used then the private key which is used to sign client authentication JWT tokens will be used to try to decrypt an encrypted ID token if this property is not set.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_TOKEN_DECRYPTION_KEY_LOCATION

string

Allow the remote introspection of JWT tokens when no matching JWK key is available. Note this property is set to 'true' by default for backward-compatibility reasons and will be set to false instead in one of the next releases. Also note this property will be ignored if JWK endpoint URI is not available and introspecting the tokens is the only verification option.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_TOKEN_ALLOW_JWT_INTROSPECTION

boolean

true

Require that JWT tokens are only introspected remotely.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_TOKEN_REQUIRE_JWT_INTROSPECTION_ONLY

boolean

false

Allow the remote introspection of the opaque tokens. Set this property to 'false' if only JWT tokens are expected.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_TOKEN_ALLOW_OPAQUE_TOKEN_INTROSPECTION

boolean

true

The relative path of the logout endpoint at the application. If provided, the application is able to initiate the logout through this endpoint in conformance with the OpenID Connect RP-Initiated Logout specification.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_LOGOUT_PATH

string

Relative path of the application endpoint where the user should be redirected to after logging out from the OpenID Connect Provider. This endpoint URI must be properly registered at the OpenID Connect Provider as a valid redirect URI.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_LOGOUT_POST_LOGOUT_PATH

string

Name of the post logout URI parameter which will be added as a query parameter to the logout redirect URI.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_LOGOUT_POST_LOGOUT_URI_PARAM

string

post_logout_redirect_uri

The relative path of the Back-Channel Logout endpoint at the application.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_LOGOUT_BACKCHANNEL_PATH

string

Authorization code flow response mode

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_AUTHENTICATION_RESPONSE_MODE

queryAuthorization response parameters are encoded in the query string added to the redirect_uri, form-postAuthorization response parameters are encoded as HTML form values that are auto-submitted in the browser and transmitted via the HTTP POST method using the application/x-www-form-urlencoded content type

query

Relative path for calculating a "redirect_uri" query parameter. It has to start from a forward slash and will be appended to the request URI’s host and port. For example, if the current request URI is 'https://localhost:8080/service' then a 'redirect_uri' parameter will be set to 'https://localhost:8080/' if this property is set to '/' and be the same as the request URI if this property has not been configured. Note the original request URI will be restored after the user has authenticated if 'restorePathAfterRedirect' is set to 'true'.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_AUTHENTICATION_REDIRECT_PATH

string

If this property is set to 'true' then the original request URI which was used before the authentication will be restored after the user has been redirected back to the application. Note if redirectPath property is not set, the original request URI will be restored even if this property is disabled.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_AUTHENTICATION_RESTORE_PATH_AFTER_REDIRECT

boolean

false

Remove the query parameters such as 'code' and 'state' set by the OIDC server on the redirect URI after the user has authenticated by redirecting a user to the same URI but without the query parameters.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_AUTHENTICATION_REMOVE_REDIRECT_PARAMETERS

boolean

true

Relative path to the public endpoint which will process the error response from the OIDC authorization endpoint. If the user authentication has failed then the OIDC provider will return an 'error' and an optional 'error_description' parameters, instead of the expected authorization 'code'. If this property is set then the user will be redirected to the endpoint which can return a user-friendly error description page. It has to start from a forward slash and will be appended to the request URI’s host and port. For example, if it is set as '/error' and the current request URI is 'https://localhost:8080/callback?error=invalid_scope' then a redirect will be made to 'https://localhost:8080/error?error=invalid_scope'. If this property is not set then HTTP 401 status will be returned in case of the user authentication failure.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_AUTHENTICATION_ERROR_PATH

string

Both ID and access tokens are fetched from the OIDC provider as part of the authorization code flow. ID token is always verified on every user request as the primary token which is used to represent the principal and extract the roles. Access token is not verified by default since it is meant to be propagated to the downstream services. The verification of the access token should be enabled if it is injected as a JWT token. Access tokens obtained as part of the code flow will always be verified if quarkus.oidc.roles.source property is set to accesstoken which means the authorization decision will be based on the roles extracted from the access token. Bearer access tokens are always verified.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_AUTHENTICATION_VERIFY_ACCESS_TOKEN

boolean

false

Force 'https' as the 'redirect_uri' parameter scheme when running behind an SSL terminating reverse proxy. This property, if enabled, will also affect the logout post_logout_redirect_uri and the local redirect requests.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_AUTHENTICATION_FORCE_REDIRECT_HTTPS_SCHEME

boolean

false

List of scopes

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_AUTHENTICATION_SCOPES

list of string

Add the 'openid' scope automatically to the list of scopes. This is required for OpenId Connect providers but will not work for OAuth2 providers such as Twitter OAuth2 which does not accept that scope and throws an error.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_AUTHENTICATION_ADD_OPENID_SCOPE

boolean

true

If enabled the state, session and post logout cookies will have their 'secure' parameter set to 'true' when HTTP is used. It may be necessary when running behind an SSL terminating reverse proxy. The cookies will always be secure if HTTPS is used even if this property is set to false.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_AUTHENTICATION_COOKIE_FORCE_SECURE

boolean

false

Cookie name suffix. For example, a session cookie name for the default OIDC tenant is 'q_session' but can be changed to 'q_session_test' if this property is set to 'test'.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_AUTHENTICATION_COOKIE_SUFFIX

string

Cookie path parameter value which, if set, will be used to set a path parameter for the session, state and post logout cookies. The cookie-path-header property, if set, will be checked first.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_AUTHENTICATION_COOKIE_PATH

string

/

Cookie path header parameter value which, if set, identifies the incoming HTTP header whose value will be used to set a path parameter for the session, state and post logout cookies. If the header is missing then the cookie-path property will be checked.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_AUTHENTICATION_COOKIE_PATH_HEADER

string

Cookie domain parameter value which, if set, will be used for the session, state and post logout cookies.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_AUTHENTICATION_COOKIE_DOMAIN

string

If this property is set to 'true' then an OIDC UserInfo endpoint will be called.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_AUTHENTICATION_USER_INFO_REQUIRED

boolean

false

Session age extension in minutes. The user session age property is set to the value of the ID token life-span by default and the user will be redirected to the OIDC provider to re-authenticate once the session has expired. If this property is set to a non-zero value then the expired ID token can be refreshed before the session has expired. This property will be ignored if the token.refresh-expired property has not been enabled.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_AUTHENTICATION_SESSION_AGE_EXTENSION

Duration

5M

If this property is set to 'true' then a normal 302 redirect response will be returned if the request was initiated via JavaScript API such as XMLHttpRequest or Fetch and the current user needs to be (re)authenticated which may not be desirable for Single Page Applications since it automatically following the redirect may not work given that OIDC authorization endpoints typically do not support CORS. If this property is set to false then a status code of '499' will be returned to allow the client to handle the redirect manually

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_AUTHENTICATION_JAVA_SCRIPT_AUTO_REDIRECT

boolean

true

Requires that ID token is available when the authorization code flow completes. Disable this property only when you need to use the authorization code flow with OAuth2 providers which do not return ID token - an internal IdToken will be generated in such cases.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_AUTHENTICATION_ID_TOKEN_REQUIRED

boolean

true

Requires that a Proof Key for Code Exchange (PKCE) is used.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_AUTHENTICATION_PKCE_REQUIRED

boolean

false

Secret which will be used to encrypt a Proof Key for Code Exchange (PKCE) code verifier in the code flow state. This secret must be set if PKCE is required but no client secret is set. The length of the secret which will be used to encrypt the code verifier must be 32 characters long.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_AUTHENTICATION_PKCE_SECRET

string

Default TokenStateManager strategy.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_TOKEN_STATE_MANAGER_STRATEGY

keep-all-tokensKeep ID, access and refresh tokens., id-tokenKeep ID token only, id-refresh-tokensKeep ID and refresh tokens only

keep-all-tokens

Default TokenStateManager keeps all tokens (ID, access and refresh) returned in the authorization code grant response in a single session cookie by default. Enable this property to minimize a session cookie size

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_TOKEN_STATE_MANAGER_SPLIT_TOKENS

boolean

false

Requires that the tokens are encrypted before being stored in the cookies.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_TOKEN_STATE_MANAGER_ENCRYPTION_REQUIRED

boolean

false

Secret which will be used to encrypt the tokens. This secret must be set if the token encryption is required but no client secret is set. The length of the secret which will be used to encrypt the tokens must be 32 characters long.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_TOKEN_STATE_MANAGER_ENCRYPTION_SECRET

string

Allow caching the token introspection data. Note enabling this property does not enable the cache itself but only permits to cache the token introspection for a given tenant. If the default token cache can be used then please see OidcConfig.TokenCache how to enable it.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_ALLOW_TOKEN_INTROSPECTION_CACHE

boolean

true

Allow caching the user info data. Note enabling this property does not enable the cache itself but only permits to cache the user info data for a given tenant. If the default token cache can be used then please see OidcConfig.TokenCache how to enable it.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_ALLOW_USER_INFO_CACHE

boolean

true

Allow inlining UserInfo in IdToken instead of caching it in the token cache. This property is only checked when an internal IdToken is generated when Oauth2 providers do not return IdToken. Inlining UserInfo in the generated IdToken allows to store it in the session cookie and avoids introducing a cached state.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_CACHE_USER_INFO_IN_IDTOKEN

boolean

false

Well known OpenId Connect provider identifier

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_PROVIDER

apple, facebook, github, google, microsoft, spotify, twitter

Maximum number of cache entries. Set it to a positive value if the cache has to be enabled.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_TOKEN_CACHE_MAX_SIZE

int

0

Maximum amount of time a given cache entry is valid for.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_TOKEN_CACHE_TIME_TO_LIVE

Duration

3M

Clean up timer interval. If this property is set then a timer will check and remove the stale entries periodically.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_TOKEN_CACHE_CLEAN_UP_TIMER_INTERVAL

Duration

Grant options

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_DEVUI_GRANT_OPTIONS

Map<String,Map<String,String>>

A map of required claims and their expected values. For example, quarkus.oidc.token.required-claims.org_id = org_xyz would require tokens to have the org_id claim to be present and set to org_xyz. Strings are the only supported types. Use SecurityIdentityAugmentor to verify claims of other types or complex claims.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_TOKEN_REQUIRED_CLAIMS

Map<String,String>

Additional properties which will be added as the query parameters to the logout redirect URI.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_LOGOUT_EXTRA_PARAMS

Map<String,String>

Additional properties which will be added as the query parameters to the authentication redirect URI.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_AUTHENTICATION_EXTRA_PARAMS

Map<String,String>

Additional parameters, in addition to the required code and redirect-uri parameters, which have to be included to complete the authorization code grant request.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_CODE_GRANT_EXTRA_PARAMS

Map<String,String>

Custom HTTP headers which have to be sent to complete the authorization code grant request.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC_CODE_GRANT_HEADERS

Map<String,String>

Additional named tenants

Type

Default

The base URL of the OpenID Connect (OIDC) server, for example, https://host:port/auth. OIDC discovery endpoint will be called by default by appending a '.well-known/openid-configuration' path to this URL. Note if you work with Keycloak OIDC server, make sure the base URL is in the following format: https://host:port/auth/realms/{realm} where {realm} has to be replaced by the name of the Keycloak realm.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__AUTH_SERVER_URL

string

Enables OIDC discovery. If the discovery is disabled then the OIDC endpoint URLs must be configured individually.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__DISCOVERY_ENABLED

boolean

true

Relative path or absolute URL of the OIDC token endpoint which issues access and refresh tokens.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__TOKEN_PATH

string

Relative path or absolute URL of the OIDC token revocation endpoint.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__REVOKE_PATH

string

The client-id of the application. Each application has a client-id that is used to identify the application

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__CLIENT_ID

string

The maximum amount of time connecting to the currently unavailable OIDC server will be attempted for. The number of times the connection request will be repeated is calculated by dividing the value of this property by 2. For example, setting it to 20S will allow for requesting the connection up to 10 times with a 2 seconds delay between the retries. Note this property is only effective when the initial OIDC connection is created, for example, when requesting a well-known OIDC configuration. Use the 'connection-retry-count' property to support trying to re-establish an already available connection which may have been dropped.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__CONNECTION_DELAY

Duration

The number of times an attempt to re-establish an already available connection will be repeated for. Note this property is different to the connection-delay property which is only effective during the initial OIDC connection creation. This property is used to try to recover the existing connection which may have been temporarily lost. For example, if a request to the OIDC token endpoint fails due to a connection exception then the request will be retried for a number of times configured by this property.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__CONNECTION_RETRY_COUNT

int

3

The amount of time after which the current OIDC connection request will time out.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__CONNECTION_TIMEOUT

Duration

10S

The maximum size of the connection pool used by the WebClient

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__MAX_POOL_SIZE

int

Client secret which is used for a client_secret_basic authentication method. Note that a 'client-secret.value' can be used instead but both properties are mutually exclusive.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__CREDENTIALS_SECRET

string

The client secret value - it will be ignored if 'secret.key' is set

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__CREDENTIALS_CLIENT_SECRET_VALUE

string

The CredentialsProvider name which should only be set if more than one CredentialsProvider is registered

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__CREDENTIALS_CLIENT_SECRET_PROVIDER_NAME

string

The CredentialsProvider client secret key

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__CREDENTIALS_CLIENT_SECRET_PROVIDER_KEY

string

Authentication method.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__CREDENTIALS_CLIENT_SECRET_METHOD

basicclient_secret_basic (default): client id and secret are submitted with the HTTP Authorization Basic scheme, postclient_secret_post: client id and secret are submitted as the 'client_id' and 'client_secret' form parameters., post-jwtclient_secret_jwt: client id and generated JWT secret are submitted as the 'client_id' and 'client_secret' form parameters.

If provided, indicates that JWT is signed using a secret key

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__CREDENTIALS_JWT_SECRET

string

The CredentialsProvider name which should only be set if more than one CredentialsProvider is registered

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__CREDENTIALS_JWT_SECRET_PROVIDER_NAME

string

The CredentialsProvider client secret key

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__CREDENTIALS_JWT_SECRET_PROVIDER_KEY

string

If provided, indicates that JWT is signed using a private key in PEM or JWK format. You can use the signature-algorithm property to specify the key algorithm.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__CREDENTIALS_JWT_KEY_FILE

string

If provided, indicates that JWT is signed using a private key from a key store

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__CREDENTIALS_JWT_KEY_STORE_FILE

string

A parameter to specify the password of the key store file. If not given, the default ("password") is used.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__CREDENTIALS_JWT_KEY_STORE_PASSWORD

string

password

The private key id/alias

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__CREDENTIALS_JWT_KEY_ID

string

The private key password

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__CREDENTIALS_JWT_KEY_PASSWORD

string

password

JWT audience ('aud') claim value. By default, the audience is set to the address of the OpenId Connect Provider’s token endpoint.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__CREDENTIALS_JWT_AUDIENCE

string

Key identifier of the signing key added as a JWT 'kid' header

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__CREDENTIALS_JWT_TOKEN_KEY_ID

string

Issuer of the signing key added as a JWT 'iss' claim (default: client id)

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__CREDENTIALS_JWT_ISSUER

string

Subject of the signing key added as a JWT 'sub' claim (default: client id)

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__CREDENTIALS_JWT_SUBJECT

string

Signature algorithm, also used for the key-file property. Supported values: RS256, RS384, RS512, PS256, PS384, PS512, ES256, ES384, ES512, HS256, HS384, HS512.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__CREDENTIALS_JWT_SIGNATURE_ALGORITHM

string

JWT life-span in seconds. It will be added to the time it was issued at to calculate the expiration time.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__CREDENTIALS_JWT_LIFESPAN

int

10

The host (name or IP address) of the Proxy. Note: If OIDC adapter needs to use a Proxy to talk with OIDC server (Provider), then at least the "host" config item must be configured to enable the usage of a Proxy.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__PROXY_HOST

string

The port number of the Proxy. Default value is 80.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__PROXY_PORT

int

80

The username, if Proxy needs authentication.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__PROXY_USERNAME

string

The password, if Proxy needs authentication.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__PROXY_PASSWORD

string

Certificate validation and hostname verification, which can be one of the following values from enum Verification. Default is required.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__TLS_VERIFICATION

requiredCertificates are validated and hostname verification is enabled. This is the default value., certificate-validationCertificates are validated but hostname verification is disabled., noneAll certificated are trusted and hostname verification is disabled.

An optional key store which holds the certificate information instead of specifying separate files.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__TLS_KEY_STORE_FILE

path

An optional parameter to specify type of the key store file. If not given, the type is automatically detected based on the file name.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__TLS_KEY_STORE_FILE_TYPE

string

An optional parameter to specify a provider of the key store file. If not given, the provider is automatically detected based on the key store file type.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__TLS_KEY_STORE_PROVIDER

string

A parameter to specify the password of the key store file. If not given, the default ("password") is used.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__TLS_KEY_STORE_PASSWORD

string

password

An optional parameter to select a specific key in the key store. When SNI is disabled, if the key store contains multiple keys and no alias is specified, the behavior is undefined.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__TLS_KEY_STORE_KEY_ALIAS

string

An optional parameter to define the password for the key, in case it’s different from key-store-password.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__TLS_KEY_STORE_KEY_PASSWORD

string

An optional trust store which holds the certificate information of the certificates to trust

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__TLS_TRUST_STORE_FILE

path

A parameter to specify the password of the trust store file.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__TLS_TRUST_STORE_PASSWORD

string

A parameter to specify the alias of the trust store certificate.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__TLS_TRUST_STORE_CERT_ALIAS

string

An optional parameter to specify type of the trust store file. If not given, the type is automatically detected based on the file name.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__TLS_TRUST_STORE_FILE_TYPE

string

An optional parameter to specify a provider of the trust store file. If not given, the provider is automatically detected based on the trust store file type.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__TLS_TRUST_STORE_PROVIDER

string

A unique tenant identifier. It must be set by TenantConfigResolver providers which resolve the tenant configuration dynamically and is optional in all other cases.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__TENANT_ID

string

If this tenant configuration is enabled.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__TENANT_ENABLED

boolean

true

The application type, which can be one of the following values from enum ApplicationType.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__APPLICATION_TYPE

web-appA WEB_APP is a client that serves pages, usually a frontend application. For this type of client the Authorization Code Flow is defined as the preferred method for authenticating users., serviceA SERVICE is a client that has a set of protected HTTP resources, usually a backend application following the RESTful Architectural Design. For this type of client, the Bearer Authorization method is defined as the preferred method for authenticating and authorizing users., hybridA combined SERVICE and WEB_APP client. For this type of client, the Bearer Authorization method will be used if the Authorization header is set and Authorization Code Flow - if not.

service

Relative path or absolute URL of the OIDC authorization endpoint which authenticates the users. This property must be set for the 'web-app' applications if OIDC discovery is disabled. This property will be ignored if the discovery is enabled.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__AUTHORIZATION_PATH

string

Relative path or absolute URL of the OIDC userinfo endpoint. This property must only be set for the 'web-app' applications if OIDC discovery is disabled and 'authentication.user-info-required' property is enabled. This property will be ignored if the discovery is enabled.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__USER_INFO_PATH

string

Relative path or absolute URL of the OIDC RFC7662 introspection endpoint which can introspect both opaque and JWT tokens. This property must be set if OIDC discovery is disabled and 1) the opaque bearer access tokens have to be verified or 2) JWT tokens have to be verified while the cached JWK verification set with no matching JWK is being refreshed. This property will be ignored if the discovery is enabled.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__INTROSPECTION_PATH

string

Relative path or absolute URL of the OIDC JWKS endpoint which returns a JSON Web Key Verification Set. This property should be set if OIDC discovery is disabled and the local JWT verification is required. This property will be ignored if the discovery is enabled.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__JWKS_PATH

string

Relative path or absolute URL of the OIDC end_session_endpoint. This property must be set if OIDC discovery is disabled and RP Initiated Logout support for the 'web-app' applications is required. This property will be ignored if the discovery is enabled.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__END_SESSION_PATH

string

Public key for the local JWT token verification. OIDC server connection will not be created when this property is set.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__PUBLIC_KEY

string

Name

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__INTROSPECTION_CREDENTIALS_NAME

string

Secret

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__INTROSPECTION_CREDENTIALS_SECRET

string

Include OpenId Connect Client ID configured with 'quarkus.oidc.client-id'

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__INTROSPECTION_CREDENTIALS_INCLUDE_CLIENT_ID

boolean

true

List of paths to claims containing an array of groups. Each path starts from the top level JWT JSON object and can contain multiple segments where each segment represents a JSON object name only, example: "realm/groups". Use double quotes with the namespace qualified claim names. This property can be used if a token has no 'groups' claim but has the groups set in one or more different claims.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__ROLES_ROLE_CLAIM_PATH

list of string

Separator for splitting a string which may contain multiple group values. It will only be used if the "role-claim-path" property points to one or more custom claims whose values are strings. A single space will be used by default because the standard 'scope' claim may contain a space separated sequence.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__ROLES_ROLE_CLAIM_SEPARATOR

string

Source of the principal roles.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__ROLES_SOURCE

idtokenID Token - the default value for the 'web-app' applications., accesstokenAccess Token - the default value for the 'service' applications; can also be used as the source of roles for the 'web-app' applications., userinfoUser Info

Expected issuer 'iss' claim value. Note this property overrides the issuer property which may be set in OpenId Connect provider’s well-known configuration. If the iss claim value varies depending on the host/IP address or tenant id of the provider then you may skip the issuer verification by setting this property to 'any' but it should be done only when other options (such as configuring the provider to use the fixed iss claim value) are not possible.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__TOKEN_ISSUER

string

Expected audience 'aud' claim value which may be a string or an array of strings.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__TOKEN_AUDIENCE

list of string

A map of required claims and their expected values. For example, quarkus.oidc.token.required-claims.org_id = org_xyz would require tokens to have the org_id claim to be present and set to org_xyz. Strings are the only supported types. Use SecurityIdentityAugmentor to verify claims of other types or complex claims.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__TOKEN_REQUIRED_CLAIMS

Map<String,String>

Expected token type

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__TOKEN_TOKEN_TYPE

string

Life span grace period in seconds. When checking token expiry, current time is allowed to be later than token expiration time by at most the configured number of seconds. When checking token issuance, current time is allowed to be sooner than token issue time by at most the configured number of seconds.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__TOKEN_LIFESPAN_GRACE

int

Token age. It allows for the number of seconds to be specified that must not elapse since the iat (issued at) time. A small leeway to account for clock skew which can be configured with 'quarkus.oidc.token.lifespan-grace' to verify the token expiry time can also be used to verify the token age property. Note that setting this property does not relax the requirement that Bearer and Code Flow JWT tokens must have a valid ('exp') expiry claim value. The only exception where setting this property relaxes the requirement is when a logout token is sent with a back-channel logout request since the current OpenId Connect Back-Channel specification does not explicitly require the logout tokens to contain an 'exp' claim. However, even if the current logout token is allowed to have no 'exp' claim, the exp claim will be still verified if the logout token contains it.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__TOKEN_AGE

Duration

Name of the claim which contains a principal name. By default, the 'upn', 'preferred_username' and sub claims are checked.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__TOKEN_PRINCIPAL_CLAIM

string

Refresh expired ID tokens. If this property is enabled then a refresh token request will be performed if the ID token has expired and, if successful, the local session will be updated with the new set of tokens. Otherwise, the local session will be invalidated and the user redirected to the OpenID Provider to re-authenticate. In this case the user may not be challenged again if the OIDC provider session is still active. For this option be effective the authentication.session-age-extension property should also be set to a non-zero value since the refresh token is currently kept in the user session. This option is valid only when the application is of type ApplicationType#WEB_APP}.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__TOKEN_REFRESH_EXPIRED

boolean

false

Refresh token time skew in seconds. If this property is enabled then the configured number of seconds is added to the current time when checking whether the access token should be refreshed. If the sum is greater than this access token’s expiration time then a refresh is going to happen. This property will be ignored if the 'refresh-expired' property is not enabled.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__TOKEN_REFRESH_TOKEN_TIME_SKEW

Duration

Forced JWK set refresh interval in minutes.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__TOKEN_FORCED_JWK_REFRESH_INTERVAL

Duration

10M

Custom HTTP header that contains a bearer token. This option is valid only when the application is of type ApplicationType#SERVICE}.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__TOKEN_HEADER

string

Decryption key location. JWT tokens can be inner-signed and encrypted by OpenId Connect providers. However, it is not always possible to remotely introspect such tokens because the providers may not control the private decryption keys. In such cases set this property to point to the file containing the decryption private key in PEM or JSON Web Key (JWK) format. Note that if a 'private_key_jwt' client authentication method is used then the private key which is used to sign client authentication JWT tokens will be used to try to decrypt an encrypted ID token if this property is not set.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__TOKEN_DECRYPTION_KEY_LOCATION

string

Allow the remote introspection of JWT tokens when no matching JWK key is available. Note this property is set to 'true' by default for backward-compatibility reasons and will be set to false instead in one of the next releases. Also note this property will be ignored if JWK endpoint URI is not available and introspecting the tokens is the only verification option.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__TOKEN_ALLOW_JWT_INTROSPECTION

boolean

true

Require that JWT tokens are only introspected remotely.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__TOKEN_REQUIRE_JWT_INTROSPECTION_ONLY

boolean

false

Allow the remote introspection of the opaque tokens. Set this property to 'false' if only JWT tokens are expected.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__TOKEN_ALLOW_OPAQUE_TOKEN_INTROSPECTION

boolean

true

The relative path of the logout endpoint at the application. If provided, the application is able to initiate the logout through this endpoint in conformance with the OpenID Connect RP-Initiated Logout specification.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__LOGOUT_PATH

string

Relative path of the application endpoint where the user should be redirected to after logging out from the OpenID Connect Provider. This endpoint URI must be properly registered at the OpenID Connect Provider as a valid redirect URI.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__LOGOUT_POST_LOGOUT_PATH

string

Name of the post logout URI parameter which will be added as a query parameter to the logout redirect URI.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__LOGOUT_POST_LOGOUT_URI_PARAM

string

post_logout_redirect_uri

Additional properties which will be added as the query parameters to the logout redirect URI.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__LOGOUT_EXTRA_PARAMS

Map<String,String>

The relative path of the Back-Channel Logout endpoint at the application.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__LOGOUT_BACKCHANNEL_PATH

string

Authorization code flow response mode

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__AUTHENTICATION_RESPONSE_MODE

queryAuthorization response parameters are encoded in the query string added to the redirect_uri, form-postAuthorization response parameters are encoded as HTML form values that are auto-submitted in the browser and transmitted via the HTTP POST method using the application/x-www-form-urlencoded content type

query

Relative path for calculating a "redirect_uri" query parameter. It has to start from a forward slash and will be appended to the request URI’s host and port. For example, if the current request URI is 'https://localhost:8080/service' then a 'redirect_uri' parameter will be set to 'https://localhost:8080/' if this property is set to '/' and be the same as the request URI if this property has not been configured. Note the original request URI will be restored after the user has authenticated if 'restorePathAfterRedirect' is set to 'true'.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__AUTHENTICATION_REDIRECT_PATH

string

If this property is set to 'true' then the original request URI which was used before the authentication will be restored after the user has been redirected back to the application. Note if redirectPath property is not set, the original request URI will be restored even if this property is disabled.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__AUTHENTICATION_RESTORE_PATH_AFTER_REDIRECT

boolean

false

Remove the query parameters such as 'code' and 'state' set by the OIDC server on the redirect URI after the user has authenticated by redirecting a user to the same URI but without the query parameters.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__AUTHENTICATION_REMOVE_REDIRECT_PARAMETERS

boolean

true

Relative path to the public endpoint which will process the error response from the OIDC authorization endpoint. If the user authentication has failed then the OIDC provider will return an 'error' and an optional 'error_description' parameters, instead of the expected authorization 'code'. If this property is set then the user will be redirected to the endpoint which can return a user-friendly error description page. It has to start from a forward slash and will be appended to the request URI’s host and port. For example, if it is set as '/error' and the current request URI is 'https://localhost:8080/callback?error=invalid_scope' then a redirect will be made to 'https://localhost:8080/error?error=invalid_scope'. If this property is not set then HTTP 401 status will be returned in case of the user authentication failure.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__AUTHENTICATION_ERROR_PATH

string

Both ID and access tokens are fetched from the OIDC provider as part of the authorization code flow. ID token is always verified on every user request as the primary token which is used to represent the principal and extract the roles. Access token is not verified by default since it is meant to be propagated to the downstream services. The verification of the access token should be enabled if it is injected as a JWT token. Access tokens obtained as part of the code flow will always be verified if quarkus.oidc.roles.source property is set to accesstoken which means the authorization decision will be based on the roles extracted from the access token. Bearer access tokens are always verified.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__AUTHENTICATION_VERIFY_ACCESS_TOKEN

boolean

false

Force 'https' as the 'redirect_uri' parameter scheme when running behind an SSL terminating reverse proxy. This property, if enabled, will also affect the logout post_logout_redirect_uri and the local redirect requests.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__AUTHENTICATION_FORCE_REDIRECT_HTTPS_SCHEME

boolean

false

List of scopes

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__AUTHENTICATION_SCOPES

list of string

Add the 'openid' scope automatically to the list of scopes. This is required for OpenId Connect providers but will not work for OAuth2 providers such as Twitter OAuth2 which does not accept that scope and throws an error.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__AUTHENTICATION_ADD_OPENID_SCOPE

boolean

true

Additional properties which will be added as the query parameters to the authentication redirect URI.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__AUTHENTICATION_EXTRA_PARAMS

Map<String,String>

If enabled the state, session and post logout cookies will have their 'secure' parameter set to 'true' when HTTP is used. It may be necessary when running behind an SSL terminating reverse proxy. The cookies will always be secure if HTTPS is used even if this property is set to false.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__AUTHENTICATION_COOKIE_FORCE_SECURE

boolean

false

Cookie name suffix. For example, a session cookie name for the default OIDC tenant is 'q_session' but can be changed to 'q_session_test' if this property is set to 'test'.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__AUTHENTICATION_COOKIE_SUFFIX

string

Cookie path parameter value which, if set, will be used to set a path parameter for the session, state and post logout cookies. The cookie-path-header property, if set, will be checked first.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__AUTHENTICATION_COOKIE_PATH

string

/

Cookie path header parameter value which, if set, identifies the incoming HTTP header whose value will be used to set a path parameter for the session, state and post logout cookies. If the header is missing then the cookie-path property will be checked.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__AUTHENTICATION_COOKIE_PATH_HEADER

string

Cookie domain parameter value which, if set, will be used for the session, state and post logout cookies.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__AUTHENTICATION_COOKIE_DOMAIN

string

If this property is set to 'true' then an OIDC UserInfo endpoint will be called.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__AUTHENTICATION_USER_INFO_REQUIRED

boolean

false

Session age extension in minutes. The user session age property is set to the value of the ID token life-span by default and the user will be redirected to the OIDC provider to re-authenticate once the session has expired. If this property is set to a non-zero value then the expired ID token can be refreshed before the session has expired. This property will be ignored if the token.refresh-expired property has not been enabled.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__AUTHENTICATION_SESSION_AGE_EXTENSION

Duration

5M

If this property is set to 'true' then a normal 302 redirect response will be returned if the request was initiated via JavaScript API such as XMLHttpRequest or Fetch and the current user needs to be (re)authenticated which may not be desirable for Single Page Applications since it automatically following the redirect may not work given that OIDC authorization endpoints typically do not support CORS. If this property is set to false then a status code of '499' will be returned to allow the client to handle the redirect manually

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__AUTHENTICATION_JAVA_SCRIPT_AUTO_REDIRECT

boolean

true

Requires that ID token is available when the authorization code flow completes. Disable this property only when you need to use the authorization code flow with OAuth2 providers which do not return ID token - an internal IdToken will be generated in such cases.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__AUTHENTICATION_ID_TOKEN_REQUIRED

boolean

true

Requires that a Proof Key for Code Exchange (PKCE) is used.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__AUTHENTICATION_PKCE_REQUIRED

boolean

false

Secret which will be used to encrypt a Proof Key for Code Exchange (PKCE) code verifier in the code flow state. This secret must be set if PKCE is required but no client secret is set. The length of the secret which will be used to encrypt the code verifier must be 32 characters long.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__AUTHENTICATION_PKCE_SECRET

string

Additional parameters, in addition to the required code and redirect-uri parameters, which have to be included to complete the authorization code grant request.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__CODE_GRANT_EXTRA_PARAMS

Map<String,String>

Custom HTTP headers which have to be sent to complete the authorization code grant request.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__CODE_GRANT_HEADERS

Map<String,String>

Default TokenStateManager strategy.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__TOKEN_STATE_MANAGER_STRATEGY

keep-all-tokensKeep ID, access and refresh tokens., id-tokenKeep ID token only, id-refresh-tokensKeep ID and refresh tokens only

keep-all-tokens

Default TokenStateManager keeps all tokens (ID, access and refresh) returned in the authorization code grant response in a single session cookie by default. Enable this property to minimize a session cookie size

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__TOKEN_STATE_MANAGER_SPLIT_TOKENS

boolean

false

Requires that the tokens are encrypted before being stored in the cookies.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__TOKEN_STATE_MANAGER_ENCRYPTION_REQUIRED

boolean

false

Secret which will be used to encrypt the tokens. This secret must be set if the token encryption is required but no client secret is set. The length of the secret which will be used to encrypt the tokens must be 32 characters long.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__TOKEN_STATE_MANAGER_ENCRYPTION_SECRET

string

Allow caching the token introspection data. Note enabling this property does not enable the cache itself but only permits to cache the token introspection for a given tenant. If the default token cache can be used then please see OidcConfig.TokenCache how to enable it.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__ALLOW_TOKEN_INTROSPECTION_CACHE

boolean

true

Allow caching the user info data. Note enabling this property does not enable the cache itself but only permits to cache the user info data for a given tenant. If the default token cache can be used then please see OidcConfig.TokenCache how to enable it.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__ALLOW_USER_INFO_CACHE

boolean

true

Allow inlining UserInfo in IdToken instead of caching it in the token cache. This property is only checked when an internal IdToken is generated when Oauth2 providers do not return IdToken. Inlining UserInfo in the generated IdToken allows to store it in the session cookie and avoids introducing a cached state.

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__CACHE_USER_INFO_IN_IDTOKEN

boolean

false

Well known OpenId Connect provider identifier

Environment variable: QUARKUS_OIDC__TENANT__PROVIDER

apple, facebook, github, google, microsoft, spotify, twitter

About the Duration format

The format for durations uses the standard java.time.Duration format. You can learn more about it in the Duration#parse() javadoc.

You can also provide duration values starting with a number. In this case, if the value consists only of a number, the converter treats the value as seconds. Otherwise, PT is implicitly prepended to the value to obtain a standard java.time.Duration format.

Example configuration:

%prod.quarkus.oidc.auth-server-url=http://localhost:8180/realms/quarkus
quarkus.oidc.client-id=backend-service
quarkus.oidc.credentials.secret=secret

# Tell Dev Services for Keycloak to import the realm file
# This property is not effective when running the application in JVM or Native modes

quarkus.keycloak.devservices.realm-path=quarkus-realm.json
Adding a %prod. profile prefix to quarkus.oidc.auth-server-url ensures that Dev Services for Keycloak will launch a container for you when the application is run in a dev mode. See Running the Application in Dev mode section below for more information.

Starting and Configuring the Keycloak Server

Do not start the Keycloak server when you run the application in a dev mode - Dev Services for Keycloak will launch a container. See Running the Application in Dev mode section below for more information. Make sure to put the realm configuration file on the classpath (target/classes directory) so that it gets imported automatically when running in dev mode - unless you have already built a complete solution in which case this realm file will be added to the classpath during the build.

To start a Keycloak Server you can use Docker and just run the following command:

docker run --name keycloak -e KEYCLOAK_ADMIN=admin -e KEYCLOAK_ADMIN_PASSWORD=admin -p 8180:8080 quay.io/keycloak/keycloak:{keycloak.version} start-dev

where keycloak.version should be set to 17.0.0 or higher.

You should be able to access your Keycloak Server at localhost:8180.

Log in as the admin user to access the Keycloak Administration Console. Username should be admin and password admin.

Import the realm configuration file to create a new realm. For more details, see the Keycloak documentation about how to create a new realm.

If you want to use the Keycloak Admin Client to configure your server from your application you need to include the either quarkus-keycloak-admin-client or the quarkus-keycloak-admin-client-reactive (if the application uses quarkus-rest-client-reactive) extension. See the Quarkus Keycloak Admin Client guide for more information.

Running the Application in Dev mode

To run the application in a dev mode, use:

CLI
quarkus dev
Maven
./mvnw quarkus:dev
Gradle
./gradlew --console=plain quarkusDev

Dev Services for Keycloak will launch a Keycloak container and import a quarkus-realm.json.

Open a Dev UI available at /q/dev and click on a Provider: Keycloak link in an OpenID Connect Dev UI card.

You will be asked to log in into a Single Page Application provided by OpenID Connect Dev UI:

  • Login as alice (password: alice) who has a user role

    • accessing /api/admin will return 403

    • accessing /api/users/me will return 200

  • Logout and login as admin (password: admin) who has both admin and user roles

    • accessing /api/admin will return 200

    • accessing /api/users/me will return 200

Running the Application in JVM mode

When you’re done playing with the dev mode" you can run it as a standard Java application.

First compile it:

CLI
quarkus build
Maven
./mvnw install
Gradle
./gradlew build

Then run it:

java -jar target/quarkus-app/quarkus-run.jar

Running the Application in Native Mode

This same demo can be compiled into native code: no modifications required.

This implies that you no longer need to install a JVM on your production environment, as the runtime technology is included in the produced binary, and optimized to run with minimal resource overhead.

Compilation will take a bit longer, so this step is disabled by default; let’s build again by enabling the native profile:

CLI
quarkus build --native
Maven
./mvnw install -Dnative
Gradle
./gradlew build -Dquarkus.package.type=native

After getting a cup of coffee, you’ll be able to run this binary directly:

./target/security-openid-connect-quickstart-1.0.0-SNAPSHOT-runner

Testing the Application

See Running the Application in Dev mode section above about testing your application in a dev mode.

You can test the application launched in JVM or Native modes with curl.

The application is using bearer token authorization and the first thing to do is obtain an access token from the Keycloak Server in order to access the application resources:

export access_token=$(\
    curl --insecure -X POST http://localhost:8180/realms/quarkus/protocol/openid-connect/token \
    --user backend-service:secret \
    -H 'content-type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded' \
    -d 'username=alice&password=alice&grant_type=password' | jq --raw-output '.access_token' \
 )

The example above obtains an access token for user alice.

Any user is allowed to access the http://localhost:8080/api/users/me endpoint which basically returns a JSON payload with details about the user.

curl -v -X GET \
  http://localhost:8080/api/users/me \
  -H "Authorization: Bearer "$access_token

The http://localhost:8080/api/admin endpoint can only be accessed by users with the admin role. If you try to access this endpoint with the previously issued access token, you should get a 403 response from the server.

curl -v -X GET \
   http://localhost:8080/api/admin \
   -H "Authorization: Bearer "$access_token

In order to access the admin endpoint you should obtain a token for the admin user:

export access_token=$(\
    curl --insecure -X POST http://localhost:8180/realms/quarkus/protocol/openid-connect/token \
    --user backend-service:secret \
    -H 'content-type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded' \
    -d 'username=admin&password=admin&grant_type=password' | jq --raw-output '.access_token' \
 )

Please also see the Dev Services for Keycloak section below about writing the integration tests which depend on Dev Services for Keycloak.

Reference Guide

Accessing JWT claims

If you need to access JWT token claims then you can inject JsonWebToken:

package org.acme.security.openid.connect;

import org.eclipse.microprofile.jwt.JsonWebToken;
import javax.inject.Inject;
import javax.annotation.security.RolesAllowed;
import javax.ws.rs.GET;
import javax.ws.rs.Path;
import javax.ws.rs.Produces;
import javax.ws.rs.core.MediaType;

@Path("/api/admin")
public class AdminResource {

    @Inject
    JsonWebToken jwt;

    @GET
    @RolesAllowed("admin")
    @Produces(MediaType.TEXT_PLAIN)
    public String admin() {
        return "Access for subject " + jwt.getSubject() + " is granted";
    }
}

Injection of JsonWebToken is supported in @ApplicationScoped, @Singleton and @RequestScoped scopes however the use of @RequestScoped is required if the individual claims are injected as simple types, please see Support Injection Scopes for JsonWebToken and Claims for more details.

User Info

Set quarkus.oidc.authentication.user-info-required=true if a UserInfo JSON object from the OIDC userinfo endpoint has to be requested. A request will be sent to the OpenID Provider UserInfo endpoint and an io.quarkus.oidc.UserInfo (a simple javax.json.JsonObject wrapper) object will be created. io.quarkus.oidc.UserInfo can be either injected or accessed as a SecurityIdentity userinfo attribute.

Configuration Metadata

The current tenant’s discovered OpenID Connect Configuration Metadata is represented by io.quarkus.oidc.OidcConfigurationMetadata and can be either injected or accessed as a SecurityIdentity configuration-metadata attribute.

The default tenant’s OidcConfigurationMetadata is injected if the endpoint is public.

Token Claims And SecurityIdentity Roles

SecurityIdentity roles can be mapped from the verified JWT access tokens as follows:

  • If quarkus.oidc.roles.role-claim-path property is set and matching array or string claims are found then the roles are extracted from these claims. For example, customroles, customroles/array, scope, "http://namespace-qualified-custom-claim"/roles, "http://namespace-qualified-roles", etc.

  • If groups claim is available then its value is used

  • If realm_access/roles or resource_access/client_id/roles (where client_id is the value of the quarkus.oidc.client-id property) claim is available then its value is used. This check supports the tokens issued by Keycloak

If the token is opaque (binary) then a scope property from the remote token introspection response will be used.

If UserInfo is the source of the roles then set quarkus.oidc.authentication.user-info-required=true and quarkus.oidc.roles.source=userinfo, and if needed, quarkus.oidc.roles.role-claim-path.

Additionally, a custom SecurityIdentityAugmentor can also be used to add the roles as documented here.

Token Verification And Introspection

If the token is a JWT token then, by default, it will be verified with a JsonWebKey (JWK) key from a local JsonWebKeySet retrieved from the OpenID Connect Provider’s JWK endpoint. The token’s key identifier kid header value will be used to find the matching JWK key. If no matching JWK is available locally then JsonWebKeySet will be refreshed by fetching the current key set from the JWK endpoint. The JsonWebKeySet refresh can be repeated only after the quarkus.oidc.token.forced-jwk-refresh-interval (default is 10 minutes) expires. If no matching JWK is available after the refresh then the JWT token will be sent to the OpenID Connect Provider’s token introspection endpoint.

If the token is opaque (it can be a binary token or an encrypted JWT token) then it will always be sent to the OpenID Connect Provider’s token introspection endpoint.

If you work with JWT tokens only and expect that a matching JsonWebKey will always be available (possibly after a key set refresh) then you should disable the token introspection:

quarkus.oidc.token.allow-jwt-introspection=false
quarkus.oidc.token.allow-opaque-token-introspection=false

However, there could be cases where JWT tokens must be verified via the introspection only. It can be forced by configuring an introspection endpoint address only, for example, in case of Keycloak you can do it like this:

quarkus.oidc.auth-server-url=http://localhost:8180/realms/quarkus
quarkus.oidc.discovery-enabled=false
# Token Introspection endpoint: http://localhost:8180/realms/quarkus/protocol/openid-connect/tokens/introspect
quarkus.oidc.introspection-path=/protocol/openid-connect/tokens/introspect

An advantage of this indirect enforcement of JWT tokens being only introspected remotely is that two remote call are avoided: a remote OIDC metadata discovery call followed by another remote call fetching the verification keys which will not be used, while its disavantage is that the users need to know the introspection endpoint address and configure it manually.

The alternative approach is to allow discovering the OIDC metadata (which is a default option) but require that only the remote JWT introspection is performed:

quarkus.oidc.auth-server-url=http://localhost:8180/realms/quarkus
quarkus.oidc.token.require-jwt-introspection-only=true

An advantage of this approach is that the configuration is simple and easy to understand, while its disavantage is that a remote OIDC metadata discovery call is required to discover an introspection endpoint address (though the verification keys will also not be fetched).

Note that io.quarkus.oidc.TokenIntrospection (a simple javax.json.JsonObject wrapper) object will be created and can be either injected or accessed as a SecurityIdentity introspection attribute if either JWT or opaque token has been successfully introspected.

Token Introspection and UserInfo Cache

All opaque and sometimes JWT Bearer access tokens have to be remotely introspected. If UserInfo is also required then the same access token will be used to do a remote call to OpenID Connect Provider again. So, if UserInfo is required and the current access token is opaque then for every such token there will be 2 remote calls done - one to introspect it and one to get UserInfo with it, and if the token is JWT then usually only a single remote call will be needed - to get UserInfo with it.

The cost of making up to 2 remote calls per every incoming bearer or code flow access token can sometimes be problematic.

If it is the case in your production then it can be recommended that the token introspection and UserInfo data are cached for a short period of time, for example, for 3 or 5 minutes.

quarkus-oidc provides quarkus.oidc.TokenIntrospectionCache and quarkus.oidc.UserInfoCache interfaces which can be used to implement @ApplicationScoped cache implementation which can be used to store and retrieve quarkus.oidc.TokenIntrospection and/or quarkus.oidc.UserInfo objects, for example:

@ApplicationScoped
@AlternativePriority(1)
public class CustomIntrospectionUserInfoCache implements TokenIntrospectionCache, UserInfoCache {
...
}

Each OIDC tenant can either permit or deny storing its quarkus.oidc.TokenIntrospection and/or quarkus.oidc.UserInfo data with boolean quarkus.oidc."tenant".allow-token-introspection-cache and quarkus.oidc."tenant".allow-user-info-cache properties.

Additionally, quarkus-oidc provides a simple default memory based token cache which implements both quarkus.oidc.TokenIntrospectionCache and quarkus.oidc.UserInfoCache interfaces.

It can be activated and configured as follows:

# 'max-size' is 0 by default so the cache can be activated by setting 'max-size' to a positive value.
quarkus.oidc.token-cache.max-size=1000
# 'time-to-live' specifies how long a cache entry can be valid for and will be used by a cleanup timer.
quarkus.oidc.token-cache.time-to-live=3M
# 'clean-up-timer-interval' is not set by default so the cleanup timer can be activated by setting 'clean-up-timer-interval'.
quarkus.oidc.token-cache.clean-up-timer-interval=1M

The default cache uses a token as a key and each entry can have TokenIntrospection and/or UserInfo. It will only keep up to a max-size number of entries. If the cache is full when a new entry is to be added then an attempt will be made to find a space for it by removing a single expired entry. Additionally, the cleanup timer, if activated, will periodically check for the expired entries and remove them.

Please experiment with the default cache implementation or register a custom one.

JSON Web Token Claim Verification

Once the bearer JWT token’s signature has been verified and its expires at (exp) claim has been checked, the iss (issuer) claim value is verified next.

By default, the iss claim value is compared to the issuer property which may have been discovered in the well-known provider configuration. But if quarkus.oidc.token.issuer property is set then the iss claim value is compared to it instead.

In some cases, this iss claim verification may not work. For example, if the discovered issuer property contains an internal HTTP/IP address while the token iss claim value contains an external HTTP/IP address. Or when a discovered issuer property contains the template tenant variable but the token iss claim value has the complete tenant-specific issuer value.

In such cases you may want to consider skipping the issuer verification by setting quarkus.oidc.token.issuer=any. Please note that it is not recommended and should be avoided unless no other options are available:

  • If you work with Keycloak and observe the issuer verification errors due to the different host addresses then configure Keycloak with a KEYCLOAK_FRONTEND_URL property to ensure the same host address is used.

  • If the iss property is tenant specific in a multi-tenant deployment then you can use the SecurityIdentity tenant-id attribute to check the issuer is correct in the endpoint itself or the custom JAX-RS filter, for example:

import javax.inject.Inject;
import javax.ws.rs.container.ContainerRequestContext;
import javax.ws.rs.container.ContainerRequestFilter;
import javax.ws.rs.ext.Provider;

import org.eclipse.microprofile.jwt.JsonWebToken;
import io.quarkus.oidc.OidcConfigurationMetadata;
import io.quarkus.security.identity.SecurityIdentity;

@Provider
public class IssuerValidator implements ContainerRequestFilter {
    @Inject
    OidcConfigurationMetadata configMetadata;

    @Inject JsonWebToken jwt;
    @Inject SecurityIdentity identity;

    public void filter(ContainerRequestContext requestContext) {
        String issuer = configMetadata.getIssuer().replace("{tenant-id}", identity.getAttribute("tenant-id"));
        if (!issuer.equals(jwt.getIssuer())) {
            requestContext.abortWith(Response.status(401).build());
        }
    }
}

Note it is also recommended to use quarkus.oidc.token.audience property to verify the token aud (audience) claim value.

Single Page Applications

Single Page Application (SPA) typically uses XMLHttpRequest(XHR) and the JavaScript utility code provided by the OpenID Connect provider to acquire a bearer token and use it to access Quarkus service applications.

For example, here is how you can use keycloak.js to authenticate the users and refresh the expired tokens from the SPA:

<html>
<head>
    <title>keycloak-spa</title>
    <script src="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/axios/dist/axios.min.js"></script>
    <script src="http://localhost:8180/js/keycloak.js"></script>
    <script>
        var keycloak = new Keycloak();
        keycloak.init({onLoad: 'login-required'}).success(function () {
            console.log('User is now authenticated.');
        }).error(function () {
            window.location.reload();
        });
        function makeAjaxRequest() {
            axios.get("/api/hello", {
                headers: {
                    'Authorization': 'Bearer ' + keycloak.token
                }
            })
            .then( function (response) {
                console.log("Response: ", response.status);
            }).catch(function (error) {
                console.log('refreshing');
                keycloak.updateToken(5).then(function () {
                    console.log('Token refreshed');
                }).catch(function () {
                    console.log('Failed to refresh token');
                    window.location.reload();
                });
            });
    }
    </script>
</head>
<body>
    <button onclick="makeAjaxRequest()">Request</button>
</body>
</html>

Cross Origin Resource Sharing

If you plan to consume your OpenID Connect service application from a Single Page Application running on a different domain, you will need to configure CORS (Cross-Origin Resource Sharing). Please read the HTTP CORS documentation for more details.

Provider Endpoint configuration

OIDC service application needs to know OpenID Connect provider’s token, JsonWebKey (JWK) set and possibly UserInfo and introspection endpoint addresses.

By default, they are discovered by adding a /.well-known/openid-configuration path to the configured quarkus.oidc.auth-server-url.

Alternatively, if the discovery endpoint is not available, or if you would like to save on the discovery endpoint round-trip, you can disable the discovery and configure them with relative path values, for example:

quarkus.oidc.auth-server-url=http://localhost:8180/realms/quarkus
quarkus.oidc.discovery-enabled=false
# Token endpoint: http://localhost:8180/realms/quarkus/protocol/openid-connect/token
quarkus.oidc.token-path=/protocol/openid-connect/token
# JWK set endpoint: http://localhost:8180/realms/quarkus/protocol/openid-connect/certs
quarkus.oidc.jwks-path=/protocol/openid-connect/certs
# UserInfo endpoint: http://localhost:8180/realms/quarkus/protocol/openid-connect/userinfo
quarkus.oidc.user-info-path=/protocol/openid-connect/userinfo
# Token Introspection endpoint: http://localhost:8180/realms/quarkus/protocol/openid-connect/tokens/introspect
quarkus.oidc.introspection-path=/protocol/openid-connect/tokens/introspect

Token Propagation

Please see Token Propagation section about the Bearer access token propagation to the downstream services.

Oidc Provider Client Authentication

quarkus.oidc.runtime.OidcProviderClient is used when a remote request to an OpenID Connect Provider has to be done. If the bearer token has to be introspected then OidcProviderClient has to authenticate to the OpenID Connect Provider. Please see OidcProviderClient Authentication for more information about all the supported authentication options.

Testing

Start by adding the following dependencies to your test project:

pom.xml
<dependency>
    <groupId>io.rest-assured</groupId>
    <artifactId>rest-assured</artifactId>
    <scope>test</scope>
</dependency>
<dependency>
    <groupId>io.quarkus</groupId>
    <artifactId>quarkus-junit5</artifactId>
    <scope>test</scope>
</dependency>
build.gradle
testImplementation("io.rest-assured:rest-assured")
testImplementation("io.quarkus:quarkus-junit5")

Wiremock

Add the following dependencies to your test project:

pom.xml
<dependency>
    <groupId>io.quarkus</groupId>
    <artifactId>quarkus-test-oidc-server</artifactId>
    <scope>test</scope>
</dependency>
build.gradle
testImplementation("io.quarkus:quarkus-test-oidc-server")

Prepare the REST test endpoint, set application.properties, for example:

# keycloak.url is set by OidcWiremockTestResource
quarkus.oidc.auth-server-url=${keycloak.url}/realms/quarkus/
quarkus.oidc.client-id=quarkus-service-app
quarkus.oidc.application-type=service

and finally write the test code, for example:

import static org.hamcrest.Matchers.equalTo;

import java.util.Set;

import org.junit.jupiter.api.Test;

import io.quarkus.test.common.QuarkusTestResource;
import io.quarkus.test.junit.QuarkusTest;
import io.quarkus.test.oidc.server.OidcWiremockTestResource;
import io.restassured.RestAssured;
import io.smallrye.jwt.build.Jwt;

@QuarkusTest
@QuarkusTestResource(OidcWiremockTestResource.class)
public class BearerTokenAuthorizationTest {

    @Test
    public void testBearerToken() {
        RestAssured.given().auth().oauth2(getAccessToken("alice", Set.of("user")))
            .when().get("/api/users/me")
            .then()
            .statusCode(200)
            // the test endpoint returns the name extracted from the injected SecurityIdentity Principal
            .body("userName", equalTo("alice"));
    }

    private String getAccessToken(String userName, Set<String> groups) {
        return Jwt.preferredUserName(userName)
                .groups(groups)
                .issuer("https://server.example.com")
                .audience("https://service.example.com")
                .sign();
    }
}

Note that the quarkus-test-oidc-server extension includes a signing RSA private key file in a JSON Web Key (JWK) format and points to it with a smallrye.jwt.sign.key.location configuration property. It allows to use a no argument sign() operation to sign the token.

Testing your quarkus-oidc service application with OidcWiremockTestResource provides the best coverage as even the communication channel is tested against the Wiremock HTTP stubs. OidcWiremockTestResource will be enhanced going forward to support more complex Bearer token test scenarios.

If there is an immediate need for a test to define Wiremock stubs not currently supported by OidcWiremockTestResource one can do so via a WireMockServer instance injected into the test class, for example:

OidcWiremockTestResource does not work with @QuarkusIntegrationTest against Docker containers, because the Wiremock server is running in the JVM running the test, which cannot be accessed from the Docker container running the Quarkus application.

package io.quarkus.it.keycloak;

import static com.github.tomakehurst.wiremock.client.WireMock.matching;
import static org.hamcrest.Matchers.equalTo;

import org.junit.jupiter.api.Test;

import com.github.tomakehurst.wiremock.WireMockServer;
import com.github.tomakehurst.wiremock.client.WireMock;

import io.quarkus.test.junit.QuarkusTest;
import io.quarkus.test.oidc.server.OidcWireMock;
import io.restassured.RestAssured;

@QuarkusTest
public class CustomOidcWireMockStubTest {

    @OidcWireMock
    WireMockServer wireMockServer;

    @Test
    public void testInvalidBearerToken() {
        wireMockServer.stubFor(WireMock.post("/auth/realms/quarkus/protocol/openid-connect/token/introspect")
                .withRequestBody(matching(".*token=invalid_token.*"))
                .willReturn(WireMock.aResponse().withStatus(400)));

        RestAssured.given().auth().oauth2("invalid_token").when()
                .get("/api/users/me/bearer")
                .then()
                .statusCode(401)
                .header("WWW-Authenticate", equalTo("Bearer"));
    }
}

Dev Services for Keycloak

Using Dev Services for Keycloak is recommended for the integration testing against Keycloak. Dev Services for Keycloak will launch and initialize a test container: it will create a quarkus realm, a quarkus-app client (secret secret) and add alice (admin and user roles) and bob (user role) users, where all of these properties can be customized.

First you need to add the following dependency:

pom.xml
<dependency>
    <groupId>io.quarkus</groupId>
    <artifactId>quarkus-test-keycloak-server</artifactId>
    <scope>test</scope>
</dependency>
build.gradle
testImplementation("io.quarkus:quarkus-test-keycloak-server")

which provides a utility class io.quarkus.test.keycloak.client.KeycloakTestClient you can use in tests for acquiring the access tokens.

Next prepare your application.properties. You can start with a completely empty application.properties as Dev Services for Keycloak will register quarkus.oidc.auth-server-url pointing to the running test container as well as quarkus.oidc.client-id=quarkus-app and quarkus.oidc.credentials.secret=secret.

But if you already have all the required quarkus-oidc properties configured then you only need to associate quarkus.oidc.auth-server-url with the prod profile for `Dev Services for Keycloak`to start a container, for example:

%prod.quarkus.oidc.auth-server-url=http://localhost:8180/realms/quarkus

If a custom realm file has to be imported into Keycloak before running the tests then you can configure Dev Services for Keycloak as follows:

%prod.quarkus.oidc.auth-server-url=http://localhost:8180/realms/quarkus
quarkus.keycloak.devservices.realm-path=quarkus-realm.json

Finally, write your test which will be executed in JVM mode:

package org.acme.security.openid.connect;

import io.quarkus.test.junit.QuarkusTest;
import io.quarkus.test.keycloak.client.KeycloakTestClient;
import io.restassured.RestAssured;
import org.junit.jupiter.api.Test;

@QuarkusTest
public class BearerTokenAuthenticationTest {

    KeycloakTestClient keycloakClient = new KeycloakTestClient();

    @Test
    public void testAdminAccess() {
        RestAssured.given().auth().oauth2(getAccessToken("alice"))
                .when().get("/api/admin")
                .then()
                .statusCode(200);
        RestAssured.given().auth().oauth2(getAccessToken("bob"))
                .when().get("/api/admin")
                .then()
                .statusCode(403);
    }

    protected String getAccessToken(String userName) {
        return keycloakClient.getAccessToken(userName);
    }
}

and in native mode:

package org.acme.security.openid.connect;

import io.quarkus.test.junit.QuarkusIntegrationTest;

@QuarkusIntegrationTest
public class NativeBearerTokenAuthenticationIT extends BearerTokenAuthenticationTest {
}

Please see Dev Services for Keycloak for more information about the way it is initialized and configured.

KeycloakTestResourceLifecycleManager

If you need to do some integration testing against Keycloak then you are encouraged to do it with Dev Services For Keycloak. Use KeycloakTestResourceLifecycleManager for your tests only if there is a good reason not to use Dev Services for Keycloak.

Start with adding the following dependency:

pom.xml
<dependency>
    <groupId>io.quarkus</groupId>
    <artifactId>quarkus-test-keycloak-server</artifactId>
    <scope>test</scope>
</dependency>
build.gradle
testImplementation("io.quarkus:quarkus-test-keycloak-server")

which provides io.quarkus.test.keycloak.server.KeycloakTestResourceLifecycleManager - an implementation of io.quarkus.test.common.QuarkusTestResourceLifecycleManager which starts a Keycloak container.

And configure the Maven Surefire plugin as follows:

<plugin>
    <artifactId>maven-surefire-plugin</artifactId>
    <configuration>
        <systemPropertyVariables>
            <!-- or, alternatively, configure 'keycloak.version' -->
            <keycloak.docker.image>${keycloak.docker.image}</keycloak.docker.image>
            <!--
              Disable HTTPS if required:
              <keycloak.use.https>false</keycloak.use.https>
            -->
        </systemPropertyVariables>
    </configuration>
</plugin>

(and similarly maven.failsafe.plugin when testing in native image).

Prepare the REST test endpoint, set application.properties, for example:

# keycloak.url is set by KeycloakTestResourceLifecycleManager
quarkus.oidc.auth-server-url=${keycloak.url}/realms/quarkus/
quarkus.oidc.client-id=quarkus-service-app
quarkus.oidc.credentials=secret
quarkus.oidc.application-type=service

and finally write the test code, for example:

import static io.quarkus.test.keycloak.server.KeycloakTestResourceLifecycleManager.getAccessToken;
import static org.hamcrest.Matchers.equalTo;

import org.hamcrest.Matchers;
import org.junit.jupiter.api.Test;

import io.quarkus.test.common.QuarkusTestResource;
import io.quarkus.test.junit.QuarkusTest;
import io.quarkus.test.keycloak.server.KeycloakTestResourceLifecycleManager;
import io.restassured.RestAssured;

@QuarkusTest
@QuarkusTestResource(KeycloakTestResourceLifecycleManager.class)
public class BearerTokenAuthorizationTest {

    @Test
    public void testBearerToken() {
        RestAssured.given().auth().oauth2(getAccessToken("alice"))))
            .when().get("/api/users/preferredUserName")
            .then()
            .statusCode(200)
            // the test endpoint returns the name extracted from the injected SecurityIdentity Principal
            .body("userName", equalTo("alice"));
    }

}

KeycloakTestResourceLifecycleManager registers alice and admin users. The user alice has the user role only by default - it can be customized with a keycloak.token.user-roles system property. The user admin has the user and admin roles by default - it can be customized with a keycloak.token.admin-roles system property.

By default, KeycloakTestResourceLifecycleManager uses HTTPS to initialize a Keycloak instance which can be disabled with keycloak.use.https=false. Default realm name is quarkus and client id - quarkus-service-app - set keycloak.realm and keycloak.service.client system properties to customize the values if needed.

Local Public Key

You can also use a local inlined public key for testing your quarkus-oidc service applications:

quarkus.oidc.client-id=test
quarkus.oidc.public-key=MIIBIjANBgkqhkiG9w0BAQEFAAOCAQ8AMIIBCgKCAQEAlivFI8qB4D0y2jy0CfEqFyy46R0o7S8TKpsx5xbHKoU1VWg6QkQm+ntyIv1p4kE1sPEQO73+HY8+Bzs75XwRTYL1BmR1w8J5hmjVWjc6R2BTBGAYRPFRhor3kpM6ni2SPmNNhurEAHw7TaqszP5eUF/F9+KEBWkwVta+PZ37bwqSE4sCb1soZFrVz/UT/LF4tYpuVYt3YbqToZ3pZOZ9AX2o1GCG3xwOjkc4x0W7ezbQZdC9iftPxVHR8irOijJRRjcPDtA6vPKpzLl6CyYnsIYPd99ltwxTHjr3npfv/3Lw50bAkbT4HeLFxTx4flEoZLKO/g0bAoV2uqBhkA9xnQIDAQAB

smallrye.jwt.sign.key.location=/privateKey.pem

copy privateKey.pem from the integration-tests/oidc-tenancy in the main Quarkus repository and use a test code similar to the one in the Wiremock section above to generate JWT tokens. You can use your own test keys if preferred.

This approach provides a more limited coverage compared to the Wiremock approach - for example, the remote communication code is not covered.

TestSecurity annotation

You can use @TestSecurity and @OidcSecurity annotations for testing the service application endpoint code which depends on the injected JsonWebToken as well as UserInfo and OidcConfigurationMetadata.

Add the following dependency:

pom.xml
<dependency>
    <groupId>io.quarkus</groupId>
    <artifactId>quarkus-test-security-oidc</artifactId>
    <scope>test</scope>
</dependency>
build.gradle
testImplementation("io.quarkus:quarkus-test-security-oidc")

and write a test code like this one:

import static org.hamcrest.Matchers.is;
import org.junit.jupiter.api.Test;
import io.quarkus.test.common.http.TestHTTPEndpoint;
import io.quarkus.test.junit.QuarkusTest;
import io.quarkus.test.security.TestSecurity;
import io.quarkus.test.security.oidc.Claim;
import io.quarkus.test.security.oidc.ConfigMetadata;
import io.quarkus.test.security.oidc.OidcSecurity;
import io.quarkus.test.security.oidc.OidcConfigurationMetadata;
import io.quarkus.test.security.oidc.UserInfo;
import io.restassured.RestAssured;

@QuarkusTest
@TestHTTPEndpoint(ProtectedResource.class)
public class TestSecurityAuthTest {

    @Test
    @TestSecurity(user = "userOidc", roles = "viewer")
    public void testOidc() {
        RestAssured.when().get("test-security-oidc").then()
                .body(is("userOidc:viewer"));
    }

    @Test
    @TestSecurity(user = "userOidc", roles = "viewer")
    @OidcSecurity(claims = {
            @Claim(key = "email", value = "user@gmail.com")
    }, userinfo = {
            @UserInfo(key = "sub", value = "subject")
    }, config = {
            @ConfigMetadata(key = "issuer", value = "issuer")
    })
    public void testOidcWithClaimsUserInfoAndMetadata() {
        RestAssured.when().get("test-security-oidc-claims-userinfo-metadata").then()
                .body(is("userOidc:viewer:user@gmail.com:subject:issuer"));
    }

}

where ProtectedResource class may look like this:

import io.quarkus.oidc.OidcConfigurationMetadata;
import io.quarkus.oidc.UserInfo;
import org.eclipse.microprofile.jwt.JsonWebToken;

@Path("/service")
@Authenticated
public class ProtectedResource {

    @Inject
    JsonWebToken accessToken;
    @Inject
    UserInfo userInfo;
    @Inject
    OidcConfigurationMetadata configMetadata;

    @GET
    @Path("test-security-oidc")
    public String testSecurityOidc() {
        return accessToken.getName() + ":" + accessToken.getGroups().iterator().next();
    }

    @GET
    @Path("test-security-oidc-claims-userinfo-metadata")
    public String testSecurityOidcWithClaimsUserInfoMetadata() {
        return accessToken.getName() + ":" + accessToken.getGroups().iterator().next()
                + ":" + accessToken.getClaim("email")
                + ":" + userInfo.getString("sub")
                + ":" + configMetadata.get("issuer");
    }
}

Note that @TestSecurity annotation must always be used and its user property is returned as JsonWebToken.getName() and roles property - as JsonWebToken.getGroups(). @OidcSecurity annotation is optional and can be used to set the additional token claims, as well as UserInfo and OidcConfigurationMetadata properties. Additionally, if quarkus.oidc.token.issuer property is configured then it will be used as an OidcConfigurationMetadata issuer property value.

If you work with the opaque tokens then you can test them as follows:

import static org.hamcrest.Matchers.is;
import org.junit.jupiter.api.Test;
import io.quarkus.test.common.http.TestHTTPEndpoint;
import io.quarkus.test.junit.QuarkusTest;
import io.quarkus.test.security.TestSecurity;
import io.quarkus.test.security.oidc.OidcSecurity;
import io.quarkus.test.security.oidc.TokenIntrospection;
import io.restassured.RestAssured;

@QuarkusTest
@TestHTTPEndpoint(ProtectedResource.class)
public class TestSecurityAuthTest {

    @Test
    @TestSecurity(user = "userOidc", roles = "viewer")
    @OidcSecurity(introspectionRequired = true,
        introspection = {
            @TokenIntrospection(key = "email", value = "user@gmail.com")
        }
    )
    public void testOidcWithClaimsUserInfoAndMetadata() {
        RestAssured.when().get("test-security-oidc-claims-userinfo-metadata").then()
                .body(is("userOidc:viewer:userOidc:viewer"));
    }

}

where ProtectedResource class may look like this:

import io.quarkus.oidc.TokenIntrospection;
import io.quarkus.security.identity.SecurityIdentity;

@Path("/service")
@Authenticated
public class ProtectedResource {

    @Inject
    SecurityIdentity securityIdentity;
    @Inject
    TokenIntrospection introspection;

    @GET
    @Path("test-security-oidc-opaque-token")
    public String testSecurityOidcOpaqueToken() {
        return securityIdentity.getPrincipal().getName() + ":" + securityIdentity.getRoles().iterator().next()
            + ":" + introspection.getString("username")
            + ":" + introspection.getString("scope")
            + ":" + introspection.getString("email");
    }
}

Note that @TestSecurity user and roles attributes are available as TokenIntrospection username and scope properties and you can use io.quarkus.test.security.oidc.TokenIntrospection to add the additional introspection response properties such as an email, etc.

How to check the errors in the logs

Please enable io.quarkus.oidc.runtime.OidcProvider TRACE level logging to see more details about the token verification errors:

quarkus.log.category."io.quarkus.oidc.runtime.OidcProvider".level=TRACE
quarkus.log.category."io.quarkus.oidc.runtime.OidcProvider".min-level=TRACE

Please enable io.quarkus.oidc.runtime.OidcRecorder TRACE level logging to see more details about the OidcProvider client initialization errors:

quarkus.log.category."io.quarkus.oidc.runtime.OidcRecorder".level=TRACE
quarkus.log.category."io.quarkus.oidc.runtime.OidcRecorder".min-level=TRACE

External and Internal Access to OpenID Connect Provider

Note that the OpenID Connect Provider externally accessible token and other endpoints may have different HTTP(S) URLs compared to the URLs auto-discovered or configured relative to quarkus.oidc.auth-server-url internal URL. For example, if your SPA acquires a token from an external token endpoint address and sends it to Quarkus as a Bearer token then an issuer verification failure may be reported by the endpoint.

In such cases, if you work with Keycloak then please start it with a KEYCLOAK_FRONTEND_URL system property set to the externally accessible base URL. If you work with other Openid Connect providers then please check your provider’s documentation.

How to use 'client-id' property

quarkus.oidc.client-id property identifies an OpenID Connect Client which requested the current bearer token. It can be an SPA application running in a browser or a Quarkus web-app confidential client application propagating the access token to the Quarkus service application.

This property is required if the service application is expected to introspect the tokens remotely - which is always the case for the opaque tokens. This property is optional if the local Json Web Key token verification only is used.

Nonetheless, setting this property is encouraged even if the endpoint does not require access to the remote introspection endpoint. The reasons behind it that client-id, if set, can be used to verify the token audience and will also be included in the logs when the token verification fails for the better traceability of the tokens issued to specific clients to be analyzed over a longer period of time.

For example, if your OpenID Connect provider sets a token audience then the following configuration pattern is recommended:

# Set client-id
quarkus.oidc.client-id=quarkus-app
# Token audience claim must contain 'quarkus-app'
quarkus.oidc.token.audience=${quarkus.oidc.client-id}

If you set quarkus.oidc.client-id but your endpoint does not require remote access to one of OpenID Connect Provider endpoints (introspection, token acquisition, etc.) then do not set a client secret with the quarkus.oidc.credentials or similar properties as it will not be used.

Note Quarkus web-app applications always require quarkus.oidc.client-id property.