Quarkus - Using OpenTracing

This guide explains how your Quarkus application can utilize opentracing to provide distributed tracing for interactive web applications.

Prerequisites

To complete this guide, you need:

  • less than 15 minutes

  • an IDE

  • JDK 1.8+ installed with JAVA_HOME configured appropriately

  • Apache Maven 3.5.3+

  • Docker

Architecture

In this guide, we create a straightforward REST application to demonstrate distributed tracing.

Solution

We recommend that you follow the instructions in the next sections and create the application step by step. However, you can skip right to the completed example.

Clone the Git repository: git clone https://github.com/quarkusio/quarkus-quickstarts.git, or download an archive.

The solution is located in the opentracing-quickstart directory.

Creating the Maven project

First, we need a new project. Create a new project with the following command:

mvn io.quarkus:quarkus-maven-plugin:1.0.0.CR1:create \
    -DprojectGroupId=org.acme \
    -DprojectArtifactId=opentracing-quickstart \
    -DclassName="org.acme.opentracing.TracedResource" \
    -Dpath="/hello" \
    -Dextensions="opentracing"
cd opentracing-quickstart

This command generates the Maven project with a REST endpoint and imports the smallrye-opentracing extension, which includes the OpenTracing support and the default Jaeger tracer.

Examine the JAX-RS resource

Open the src/main/java/org/acme/opentracing/TracedResource.java file and see the following content:

package org.acme.opentracing;

import javax.ws.rs.GET;
import javax.ws.rs.Path;
import javax.ws.rs.Produces;
import javax.ws.rs.core.MediaType;

@Path("/hello")
public class TracedResource {

    @GET
    @Produces(MediaType.TEXT_PLAIN)
    public String hello() {
        return "hello";
    }
}

Notice that there is no tracing specific code included in the application. By default, requests sent to this endpoint will be traced without any code changes being required. It is also possible to enhance the tracing information. For more information on this, please see the MicroProfile OpenTracing specification.

Create the configuration

There are two ways to configure the Jaeger tracer within the application.

The first approach is by providing the properties within the src/main/resources/application.properties file:

quarkus.jaeger.service-name=myservice (1)
quarkus.jaeger.sampler-type=const (2)
quarkus.jaeger.sampler-param=1 (3)
1 If the quarkus.jaeger.service-name property (or JAEGER_SERVICE_NAME environment variable) is not provided then a "no-op" tracer will be configured, resulting in no tracing data being reported to the backend.
2 Setup a sampler, that uses a constant sampling strategy.
3 Sample all requests. Set sampler-param to somewhere between 0 and 1, e.g. 0.50, if you do not wish to sample all requests.

The second approach is to supply the properties as environment variables. These can be specified as jvm.args as shown in the following section.

Run the application

The first step is to start the tracing system to collect and display the captured traces:

docker run -e COLLECTOR_ZIPKIN_HTTP_PORT=9411 -p 5775:5775/udp -p 6831:6831/udp -p 6832:6832/udp -p 5778:5778 -p 16686:16686 -p 14268:14268 -p 9411:9411 jaegertracing/all-in-one:latest

Now we are ready to run our application. If using application.properties to configure the tracer:

./mvnw compile quarkus:dev

or if configuring the tracer via environment variables:

./mvnw compile quarkus:dev -Djvm.args="-DJAEGER_SERVICE_NAME=myservice -DJAEGER_SAMPLER_TYPE=const -DJAEGER_SAMPLER_PARAM=1"

Once both the application and tracing system are started, you can make a request to the provided endpoint:

$ curl http://localhost:8080/hello
hello

When the first request has been submitted, the Jaeger tracer within the app will be initialized:

2019-10-16 09:35:23,464 INFO  [io.jae.Configuration] (executor-thread-1) Initialized tracer=JaegerTracer(version=Java-0.34.0, serviceName=myservice, reporter=RemoteReporter(sender=UdpSender(), closeEnqueueTimeout=1000), sampler=ConstSampler(decision=true, tags={sampler.type=const, sampler.param=true}), tags={hostname=localhost.localdomain, jaeger.version=Java-0.34.0, ip=127.0.0.1}, zipkinSharedRpcSpan=false, expandExceptionLogs=false, useTraceId128Bit=false)

Then visit the Jaeger UI to see the tracing information.

Hit CTRL+C to stop the application.

Additional instrumentation

The OpenTracing API Contributions project offers additional instrumentation that can be used to add tracing to a large variety of technologies/components.

The instrumentation documented in this section has been tested with Quarkus and works in both standard and native mode.

JDBC

The JDBC instrumentation will add a span for each JDBC queries done by your application, to enable it, add the following dependency to your pom.xml:

<dependency>
    <groupId>io.opentracing.contrib</groupId>
    <artifactId>opentracing-jdbc</artifactId>
</dependency>

As it uses a dedicated JDBC driver, you must configure your datasource and Hibernate to use it.

# add ':tracing' to your database URL
quarkus.datasource.url=jdbc:tracing:postgresql://localhost:5432/mydatabase
# use the 'TracingDriver' instead of the one for your database
quarkus.datasource.driver=io.opentracing.contrib.jdbc.TracingDriver
# configure Hibernate dialect
quarkus.hibernate-orm.dialect=org.hibernate.dialect.PostgreSQLDialect

Jaeger Configuration Reference

Configuration property fixed at build time - ️ Configuration property overridable at runtime

Configuration property

Type

Default

Defines if the Jaeger extension is enabled.

boolean

true

The traces endpoint, in case the client should connect directly to the Collector, like http://jaeger-collector:14268/api/traces

URI

Authentication Token to send as "Bearer" to the endpoint

string

Username to send as part of "Basic" authentication to the endpoint

string

Password to send as part of "Basic" authentication to the endpoint

string

The hostname and port for communicating with agent via UDP

host:port

Whether the reporter should also log the spans

boolean

The reporter’s maximum queue size

int

The reporter’s flush interval

Duration

The sampler type (const, probabilistic, ratelimiting or remote)

string

The sampler parameter (number)

BigDecimal

The host name and port when using the remote controlled sampler

host:port

The service name

string

A comma separated list of name = value tracer level tags, which get added to all reported spans. The value can also refer to an environment variable using the format ${envVarName:default}, where the :default is optional, and identifies a value to be used if the environment variable cannot be found

string

Comma separated list of formats to use for propagating the trace context. Defaults to the standard Jaeger format. Valid values are jaeger and b3

string

The sender factory class name

string

About the Duration format

The format for durations uses the standard java.time.Duration format. You can learn more about it in the Duration#parse() javadoc.

You can also provide duration values starting with a number. In this case, if the value consists only of a number, the converter treats the value as seconds. Otherwise, PT is implicitly prepended to the value to obtain a standard java.time.Duration format.